How to Use Pecorino Romano Cheese in Cooking

Pecorino Romano cheese is a hard, salty Italian cheese made from sheep’s milk and often used to bring a bold taste to various dishes.

Originating from the regions around Rome, Italy, this cheese has been a staple in Italian cuisine for centuries.

When cooking with Pecorino Romano, you can explore its diverse potential, from grating it over pastas and salads to incorporating it into sauces and batters.

Pecorino Romano cheese grating over pasta dish

The robust flavor of Pecorino Romano makes it an excellent addition to your culinary repertoire.

Unlike milder cheeses, the intense taste of Pecorino Romano holds up under the heat of cooking, allowing it to impart a depth of flavor to meats, baked dishes, and risottos.

The cheese’s hard texture also helps it form a delightful crust when grilled or roasted, adding a pleasant crunch to your meals.

A block of Pecorino Romano cheese sits on a wooden cutting board, with a cheese grater and a small pile of grated cheese next to it. A bowl of pasta and a sprinkle of cheese completes the scene

You will find that Pecorino Romano’s versatility extends beyond traditional Italian dishes. It can elevate the flavor profile of a wide range of recipes, proving that great cooking often has its roots in quality ingredients.

As you cook with Pecorino Romano, enjoy the layers of flavor it adds to your dishes, from the subtle sharpness in a light salad to the rich, comforting notes in a hearty winter soup.

The Basics of Pecorino Romano

Pecorino Romano is a hard, salty Italian cheese made from sheep’s milk, predominantly in the regions of Lazio and Sardinia.

Originating from ancient Rome, this cheese has been a staple in Italian cuisine and is recognized for its bold flavors and versatility in cooking.

Your Pecorino Romano cheese should have a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label, ensuring it’s an authentic product produced within specific Italian regions.

The PDO certification guarantees traditional production methods, preserving the cheese’s unique characteristics.

When selecting Pecorino Romano, be mindful of its aging process.

Aged for a minimum of five months, the cheese develops a robust, tangy flavor that grows sharper with time. It’s the extended aging that gifts Pecorino Romano its distinctive taste, often compared to, but saltier than, Parmigiano Reggiano.

Here’s a brief guide to help you identify and use authentic Pecorino Romano:

TextureFirm, grainy
FlavorSharp, salty, with nutty undertones
AgingMinimum of 5 months
RegionLazio, Sardinia
CertificationPDO (Protected Designation of Origin)

Use this cheese to enhance the flavor of your Roman dishes; it’s famously grated over pastas, incorporated into sauces, and even used to crust meats and vegetables.

Remember, the authentic Pecorino Romano will elevate your cooking with a slice of Italian heritage.

Culinary Applications

Pecorino Romano cheese, renowned for its hard texture and sharp, salty flavor, shines in an array of culinary contexts, from traditional pasta dishes to inventive appetizers.

Pasta & Main Dishes

  • Classic Pasta: When making spaghetti carbonara or cacio e pepe, finish your pasta al dente and toss it with generous amounts of finely grated Pecorino Romano. The heat from the pasta will melt the cheese, creating a creamy sauce.
  • Roman Staples: In dishes like all’Amatriciana and pasta alla gricia, Pecorino Romano adds a punch of savory depth that perfectly complements the smoky guanciale.

Soups, Salads & Side Dishes

  • Soups: Sprinkle grated Pecorino Romano cheese into soups or stews to give a rich, salty twist.
  • Salads: Elevate salads with shavings of Pecorino, drizzled with olive oil and accompanied by fruits and nuts for a balanced flavor profile.

Snacks & Appetizers

  • Charcuterie Boards: Pair thin slices of Pecorino with salami and a range of appetizers.
  • Dips: Create a pecorino-based dip, incorporating herbs and spices, to serve with fresh vegetables or crusty bread.

Incorporating Pecorino into Other Recipes

  • Vegetarian Options: Enhance vegetarian meals with grated Pecorino, such as over a roasted vegetable medley.
  • Recipe Boost: Boost flavor in meatballs or patties by blending in finely grated cheese.

Alternative Uses

  • Finishing Touch: Beyond grating, thin slivers of Pecorino can top pizzas or baked dishes for a satisfying salty crunch.
  • Non-dairy Alternate: Pecorino is a viable replacement for those wanting a sheep’s milk cheese alternative to parmigiano reggiano or ricotta.

Recipe Spotlight

  • Cacio e Pepe Pasta: For this quintessential Roman dish, you’ll need:
  • Spaghetti or linguine
  • Coarsely ground black pepper
  • Grated Pecorino Romano cheese
  • Reserved pasta water
  • Extra tip: Always reserve a cup of pasta water to help emulsify the cheese and pepper into a creamy sauce.

Understanding Flavors & Pairings

In the culinary world, Pecorino Romano cheese stands out for its distinctive flavor profile and its ability to enhance dishes. Here, you’ll learn how to best match its qualities with other ingredients and wines.

Pecorino romano cheese being grated over a steaming bowl of pasta, with a sprinkle of black pepper and fresh herbs on top

Taste Profile

Pecorino Romano cheese delivers a bold taste that is both salty and tangy, with a sharp edge due to its aging process.

This Italian cheese embodies a nutty and somewhat fruity flavor, creating a complex umami experience that can enrich your recipes significantly.

Complementary Ingredients

Harmonizing Pecorino Romano cheese with the right ingredients can elevate your cooking. Here are some pairings that complement its robust taste:

  • Oils & Fats: Drizzle with olive oil to balance the saltiness while enhancing the cheese’s rich texture.
  • Seasonings: Combine with crushed black pepper for a classic flavor pairing.
  • Nuts & Fruits: A fantastic vegetarian option, Pecorino pairs well with nuts and fruits, balancing the cheese’s saltiness with sweetness or bitterness.

Wine Pairings

When selecting a wine to accompany Pecorino Romano, aim for ones that can cut through the cheese’s saltiness and match its intensity. A few options include:

  • Vermentino: Offers a fruity profile to contrast the salty cheese.
  • Trebbiano: Features enough acidity to cleanse the palate.
  • Red Wines: If you prefer red wines, those with moderate tannins and a fruity essence pair nicely. For example:
  • Sangiovese: It has the robustness needed to stand up to the sharpness of Pecorino.

Pecorino Romano vs Other Cheeses

In Italian cuisine, you often choose cheeses based on their unique flavors and aging processes. Pecorino Romano stands out among Italian cheeses for its bold taste and versatile use.

Comparison with Parmigiano-Reggiano

Pecorino Romano is distinct from Parmigiano-Reggiano in several key aspects:

  • Milk Source: Pecorino Romano is crafted from sheep’s milk, giving it a sharper and tangier profile. Meanwhile, Parmigiano-Reggiano is made from cow’s milk, leading to a nuttier and slightly sweeter flavor.
  • Aging Process: While both are hard cheeses, Pecorino Romano generally ages for a period of eight months to one year. On the other hand, Parmigiano-Reggiano requires a longer aging process. It often ages over 12 months and up to 36 months for extra quality.

Differences from Other Italian Cheeses

Pecorino Romano stands out among Italian cheeses due to its specific characteristics:

  • Texture and Flavor: Compared to cheeses like Ricotta, which is soft and mild, Pecorino Romano features a hard texture with a pronounced salty and pungent flavor. This makes it ideal for grating.
  • Use in Recipes: You can use Pecorino Romano in place of other hard cheeses, but remember its robust taste can dominate more delicate flavors. So, adjust quantities accordingly.

Cheese Making & Aging Process

When crafting Pecorino Romano, one of the world’s ancient cheeses, your journey begins with high-quality sheep’s milk, the core ingredient in the production process.

The milk is warmed and then combined with rennet, a natural enzyme crucial for coagulation. You must let the mixture rest, allowing curds to form.

After curd formation, you break it down into smaller pieces, a step vital to expel whey and achieve the desired firm texture. The curds are then pressed into molds and salted.

The next step is the aging process, which defines Pecorino Romano’s characteristic flavor.

Here’s a simplified breakdown:

  • Warm the sheep’s milk.
  • Add rennet and wait for curd formation.
  • Break the curds and drain the whey.
  • Press into molds and apply salt.

The cheese wheels are left to age, acquiring a natural rind as they mature in controlled conditions. The minimum aging period is five months. However, extended aging intensifies its tangy taste.

Throughout this period, traditional methods are employed, which can include turning and rubbing the cheeses to ensure an even maturation.

Aging Process:

  1. Begin with a minimum of five months.
  2. Longer aging, more intense flavor.
  3. Use traditional methods like turning for even aging.

Storage & Preservation

Pecorino Romano cheese being grated over a steaming bowl of pasta, while a chef adds a sprinkle of the cheese to a bubbling tomato sauce in a pan

When dealing with Pecorino Romano cheese, a hard cheese with a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO), proper storage and preservation are crucial to maintaining its distinctive taste and quality.

Refrigerator Storage:

  • Before Opening: Your unopened Pecorino Romano should be kept in the fridge, ideally in the cheese drawer or vegetable crisper. Here, temperatures are cool and consistent, around 40°F. Here, it can last for about three to four months.
  • After Opening:
    • Immediately after use, wrap the cheese in parchment paper, ensuring it’s tightly sealed to prevent air exposure.
    • For added protection, place the wrapped cheese in a resealable bag or airtight container.
    • Store it in the coolest part of your refrigerator, away from strong-smelling foods.

Handling Tips:

When HandlingDoDon’t
CuttingUse a sharp knife; small cuts help retain moisture.Leave it exposed for a prolonged period.
Returning to FridgeRewrap in clean parchment every time.Use the same old wrapping if it’s damp.
MonitoringCheck periodically for any signs of dryness or mold.Ignore any changes in odor or appearance.

Buying Guide

When selecting Pecorino Romano, it’s essential to understand its Protected Designation of Origin status and identify authentic products to ensure quality and flavor.

Identifying Authentic Pecorino Romano

Authentic Pecorino Romano is a hard, salty cheese with a sharp flavor, protected by the PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) status. This status guarantees that your cheese originates from the specific regions of Lazio, Sardinia, or the province of Grosseto.

Look for the PDO mark on the packaging, which is your assurance of authenticity and adherence to traditional production methods.

Key Features to Identify Authenticity:

  • PDO Seal: Denotes compliance with production standards.
  • Region of Origin: Check for Lazio, Sardinia, or Grosseto.
  • Texture and Color: Should be firm and vary from white to pale yellow.

Where to Purchase

You can purchase Pecorino Romano from a variety of sources, including specialty cheese shops, Italian grocery stores, and some supermarkets.

When purchasing, pay attention to the cheese’s appearance and aroma. The flavor profile of genuine Pecorino Romano should be robust and slightly spicy.

Purchasing Sources:

  • Specialty Cheese Shops: They often provide expert advice.
  • Italian Grocery Stores: A go-to for authentic Italian products.
  • Supermarkets: Look for the PDO label to ensure quality.

Cooking Techniques & Tips

When incorporating Pecorino Romano into your dishes, the right techniques can elevate the flavor and texture.

Whether you are enhancing pasta or finishing meats, understanding how to grate the cheese and manage the pasta cooking process is vital to achieving the desired culinary results.

Grating Techniques

To properly grate Pecorino Romano, a hard and salty Italian cheese, you need the correct tools and technique.

For a finer sprinkle that melts easily over hot dishes, use the fine holes on a box grater or a microplane zester. This creates a powdery cheese ideal for blending into sauces.

For a more robust presence in salads or as a topping, the larger holes will produce wider shreds of cheese that maintain their structure and offer more of a bite. Always grate with a wooden spoon or handle to prevent heat from your hands from melting the cheese.

  • Tools: Box grater, Microplane, Rotary grater
  • Technique: Use light pressure and long, even strokes
  • Storage: Wrap leftover cheese in parchment and store in the fridge

Pasta Cooking Tips

Pecorino Romano is a staple in Italian cuisine, particularly when serving pasta.

To achieve al dente texture, boil your pasta in salted water until it is just firm to the bite.

Reserve pasta water—about 1 ½ cups—to help emulsify and thicken your sauce, allowing it to cling to the spaghetti or linguine.

While draining the pasta, don’t rinse it; the starch on the surface helps the sauce adhere.

When seasoning your pasta, a simple yet transformative addition is freshly ground coarse black pepper.

This combination, known as Cacio e Pepe, is an Italian classic that highlights the sharp, rich flavor of Pecorino Romano.

Culinary Experiments

When venturing into the world of cooking with Pecorino Romano, you will discover its versatility across various recipes. This sheep’s milk cheese, known for its robust flavor profile, can transform your dishes with just a sprinkle or a generous addition.

For Meat Lovers:

  • Create a marinade base with herbs and olive oil.
  • Generously grate Pecorino Romano into the mix.
  • Allow your choice of meat to marinate and absorb the flavors.

When grilled or roasted, Pecorino Romano forms a golden crust, imparting a satisfying crunch and enhanced taste to meat dishes.

Vegetarian Friendly:

  • Experiment by adding Pecorino Romano to patties.
  • Mix the cheese into your veggie or legume-based patty blend.
  • The cheese will melt and add a sharp, salty taste to every bite.

Pasta Perfection:

  • Reserve pasta water after boiling to emulsify sauces.
  • Add finely grated Pecorino Romano for a creamy, velvety texture.
Recipe TypeSuggested Use of Pecorino Romano
Baked Pasta DishesMix cheese within layers and top for a crispy finish.
Mushroom RisottosStir in finely grated cheese towards the end for creamy richness.
Sauces and PestoReplace traditional cheeses with Pecorino for a bolder flavor.

Cheese Hacks:

  • Store Pecorino Romano in a cool, dry place to preserve its taste.
  • Grate as needed to maintain freshness and prevent clumping.

Health & Nutrition Perspectives

A block of pecorino romano cheese being grated over a steaming bowl of pasta, with fresh herbs and garlic on a wooden cutting board

When incorporating Pecorino Romano cheese into your diet, you should consider its nutritional impact. As a hard cheese made from sheep’s milk, it is characteristically higher in fat and salt content. However, it provides beneficial nutrients as well.

Nutritional Content per 1-ounce serving:

  • Calories: 110
  • Protein: 8 grams
  • Fat: 9 grams
  • Carbohydrates: <1 gram
  • Sodium: 390 mg

Being rich in protein, Pecorino Romano can support muscle maintenance and repair. If you’re following a vegetarian diet, it’s a non-meat protein source, but it’s not suitable for a vegan diet due to its animal origin.


  • Low Carbohydrates: It’s keto-friendly, fitting well into diets that aim for minimal carb intake.
  • Calcium-rich: Promotes bone health.

Considerations for Individuals with Lactose Sensitivity:

Due to the production process involving fermentation and aging, Pecorino Romano has low to no detectable lactose levels, which may make it tolerable if you’re lactose intolerant.

Remember, moderation is key. Its high sodium content means you should regulate your intake, especially if you’re monitoring your salt consumption. Balancing Pecorino Romano with other nutrient-dense foods like vegetables and whole grains makes for a well-rounded diet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Explore the versatility of Pecorino Romano cheese in cooking with these commonly asked questions that will help you incorporate this flavorful cheese into a variety of dishes.

What are the best dishes to incorporate Pecorino Romano cheese?

Pecorino Romano works exceptionally well in dishes that require a salty and sharp flavor profile, such as Cacio e Pepe, or as a finishing garnish on salads and soups.

Can Pecorino Romano cheese be used in preparing chicken dishes?

Yes, Pecorino Romano can be grated over chicken to create a delectable crust when grilled or roasted, adding both texture and a depth of flavor.

What is the difference between using Pecorino Romano and Parmesan in recipes?

Pecorino Romano is typically saltier and has a more robust flavor compared to Parmesan. The choice between the two can alter the final taste and salt content of your dish significantly.

How does Pecorino Romano cheese enhance pasta dishes?

When added to pasta, Pecorino Romano provides a creamy texture and a punch of flavor, especially when it’s freshly grated over warm pasta, allowing it to melt and blend into the sauce.

What are some creative uses for Pecorino Romano in everyday cooking?

Beyond pasta, Pecorino Romano can be incorporated into breadcrumb coatings, vegetable gratins, or even as a savory addition to a cheeseboard, complementing nuts and fruits.

How can Pecorino Romano cheese be properly stored for culinary use?

For optimal freshness, store Pecorino Romano in a cool, dry place wrapped in parchment or waxed paper. Then, place it in a plastic bag, which allows the cheese to breathe and prevents excess moisture.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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