How to Store Green Onions

Storing green onions properly is essential to maintaining their freshness and flavor.

These versatile, pungent vegetables, also known as scallions, are a staple raw ingredient in many dishes, offering a crisp bite and a burst of color.

To keep them fresh for as long as possible, it’s crucial to control moisture and airflow.

Green onions tend to wilt and lose their vibrancy quickly if not stored correctly, so utilizing the right techniques can extend their shelf life and reduce food waste.

Green onions are neatly bundled with rubber bands and placed upright in a glass of water on a kitchen counter

When you bring green onions home, resist the urge to wash them immediately as excess moisture can encourage spoilage. Instead, wait to rinse them until you’re ready to use them.

If you plan to use your green onions within a week, the refrigerator is the best place to store them.

Wrap the bulbs in a damp paper towel to provide the necessary humidity without excess water, and then place them in a breathable bag or storage container in the crisper drawer.

This method balances moisture control and air circulation, keeping the green onions crisp and fresh.

For longer storage, freezing green onions can be an effective method.

Chop the scallions into the desired size and spread them out on a baking sheet to freeze individually.

Once frozen, transfer them to a sealable plastic bag or an airtight container and store them in the freezer.

This will preserve their flavor for several months, though they might lose some of their crispness, making them better suited for cooked dishes rather than raw applications.

Choosing Green Onions for Storage

Green onions being carefully selected and placed in a container with water, then covered and stored in the refrigerator

When selecting green onions for storage, the key is to start with the freshest produce to ensure longevity and flavor preservation.

Look for firm stalks and a bright green color on the tops—signs of a truly fresh supply. If the stalks are limp or the tops have a dull hue, the green onions are likely past their peak.

Check the Roots and Bulbs:

  • Roots should be white and firm, not slimy or brown.
  • Bulbs should feel solid; avoid those that are soft or have begun to hollow.

Inspect the Leaves:

  • Leaves need to be crisp and vibrant green.
  • Avoid any with excessive wilting or yellowing, as these indicators can compromise freshness.

Avoid Damaged Goods:

  • Bypass green onions with cuts or bruises, as damaged areas can spoil more quickly.

Smell Test:

  • Give them a gentle sniff. Fresh green onions should have a clean, sharp scent—a strong or off odor indicates they are not at their freshest.

Immediate Usage vs. Long-Term Storage

When you purchase green onions, consider whether you’ll be using them soon or if you need to store them for later use. Knowing the right storage method is crucial to maintain their freshness whether they’re used for garnish, soups, salads, or sauces.

For Immediate Use:

  • Room Temperature: If you plan to use your green onions within a day, simply keep them at room temperature. An upright container with a small amount of water at the bottom allows them to stay hydrated. Change the water daily.
  • Refrigerator: For usage within a few days, loosely wrap them in a damp paper towel and place them in a breathable bag or container in the fridge’s crisper drawer.

For Long-Term Storage:

  • Dry in Refrigerator:
    1. Remove any packaging and trim the roots.
    2. Dry the onions thoroughly with a clean towel to prevent mold.
    3. Wrap them in a dry paper towel, place in a plastic bag with small holes, and store in the vegetable drawer.
  • Freezing:
    1. Wash and fully dry green onions.
    2. Chop to the desired size.
    3. Spread on a baking sheet to freeze individually.
    4. Transfer to a sealed container or bag and store in the freezer for several months.

Preparation for Storage

Proper preparation is crucial for extending the shelf life of green onions. By following these steps, you ensure that your green onions are stored in optimal conditions to stay fresh longer.

Trimming Roots

Begin by trimming the roots of the green onions.

Lay the onions on a cutting board and cut off the root end, about 1/4 inch from the base. Be sure to remove any wilted or damaged parts, as this can accelerate decay.

  • Cut off the roots
  • Remove damaged sections


Next, clean the green onions thoroughly.

Rinse them under cool running water to remove any dirt or debris. After washing, gently pat them dry with a clean towel or a damp paper towel. This step ensures that there’s no excess moisture which can lead to spoilage.

  • Rinse under cool water
  • Pat dry with a towel

Short-Term Storage Methods

To maintain freshness and flavor, store your green onions through one of these short-term solutions specifically aiming to regulate moisture and humidity.

Jar Method

Place your green onions upright in a jar with a small amount of water, ensuring the roots are submerged.

This method mimics how flowers are kept fresh, providing the necessary moisture for the roots. Change the water every few days to prevent bacterial growth.

Wet Paper Towel Method

Wrap the green onions in damp paper towels; this maintains a high-humidity environment.

After wrapping, place them in a plastic bag and store them in the refrigerator. This method helps retain moisture without oversaturating the greens.

Refrigerator Crisper Drawer

For humidity control, the crisper drawer of your refrigerator is designed to prolong the freshness of produce like green onions.

Store the scallions loose or in a breathable produce bag within the drawer to provide a consistent environment that’s not overly moist.

Long-Term Storage Solutions

When looking to preserve green onions for extended periods, freezing them is a highly effective method.

Two common and straightforward techniques include the direct freezing process and employing a freezer bag for added protection and organization.

Freezing Green Onions

To freeze green onions:

  1. Clean your green onions thoroughly to remove any dirt. Pat them dry to minimize ice crystal formation.
  2. Chop the onions into the desired size, considering how you typically use them in cooking.
  3. Spread the chopped onions on a baking sheet, ensuring they are not touching, and freeze them for a few hours.
  4. Once frozen, transfer the pieces into a freezer bag. Label the bag with the date to keep track of freshness.

By freezing, green onions can last for several months. When you need them for a recipe, you can cook them directly from the freezer without thawing.

Bag Method

For the Bag Method:

  1. Wash, dry, and chop the green onions.
  2. Place them in a freezer bag, but before sealing, try to squeeze out as much air as possible to prevent freezer burn.
  3. Seal the bag and date it for future reference.

Maintaining Freshness

To ensure your green onions stay fresh for as long as possible, start by handling the moisture levels—they are critical to preservation.

When you bring green onions home, first remove any packaging or bands, then trim off the roots.

Storing in Water:

  • Step 1: You can keep them at room temperature in a jar with a little fresh water; make sure only the roots are submerged.
  • Step 2: Place the jar on a windowsill or countertop away from direct sunlight.
  • Step 3: Change the water every couple of days to prevent bacteria growth.


For refrigeration, moisture control differs. Follow these steps:

  • Step 1: Wash the onions and thoroughly dry them with a clean towel.
  • Step 2: Wrap the green onions in a damp paper towel. This provides the necessary humidity without excess moisture, which can lead to rot.
  • Step 3: Place the wrapped green onions in a plastic bag or airtight container and store them in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator.


  • Green onions can also be frozen. After washing and drying:
    • Step 1: Chop them to the desired size.
    • Step 2: Spread out the pieces on a baking sheet to freeze individually.
    • Step 3: Once frozen, transfer to a sealed bag or container. Use directly from the freezer in cooking.

Remember, green onions need humidity to remain firm and crisp, but too much can result in a slimy texture. Adjust these methods based on the climate of your location and check periodically for any signs of spoilage.

Regrowing Green Onions

Green onions are easily regrown from scraps, allowing you to enjoy a continuous supply. By using either the water or soil method, you can encourage the roots to sprout fresh green onions from the comfort of your home.

Water Regrowing Method

Place the roots of your green onions in a small jar of water. Ensure that the bulb is submerged, but keep the top above water to prevent rotting. Here’s a quick step-by-step guide:

  1. Cut the green onions, leaving about an inch of the white root end intact.
  2. Fill a jar with enough water to cover the roots but not the entire stem.
  3. Position the jar on a windowsill or any area that receives some sunlight.
  4. Change the water every few days to maintain freshness and prevent any foul odor.

By doing so, new shoots should be visible within a week, and substantial regrowth typically occurs within a couple of weeks.

Soil Regrowing Method

This method promotes a healthier and more sustainable growth for your green onions. Follow these instructions for soil-based regrowth:

  1. Prepare a pot with rich potting soil.
  2. Plant the root scraps about 1 inch deep into the soil, ensuring you leave room at the top for the green shoots.
  3. Water the soil to keep it moist but not waterlogged.
  4. Place the pot in a sunny spot, like a well-lit windowsill or a sunny part of your balcony or garden.

You will notice growth in a few days, and this method can yield a fuller regrowth, providing you with fresh green onions over a longer period.

Storing Cooked Green Onions

After cooking green onions, you’ll want to store them properly to maintain their flavor and texture. The key to storage is to ensure they remain moist but not overly so, which can lead to spoilage.


Once cooked, allow your green onions to cool to room temperature. Then, to keep them fresh, refrigerate them as soon as possible.

Place the cooked green onions in an airtight container or resealable plastic bag to prevent them from absorbing other flavors present in your fridge and to avoid moisture loss.

Storage Duration:

Cooked green onions can last in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days. Make sure to check them periodically; if they become slimy or emit a foul odor, they should be discarded.

Reheating Tips:

For best results, try to only reheat the amount you plan to consume. Repeated reheating can degrade the quality and safety of the cooked green onions.

✓ Cool to room temperature before storing.✕ Leave out of the fridge for long periods.
✓ Use an airtight container or plastic bag.✕ Store with raw food items.
✓ Consume within 3-5 days of refrigeration.✕ Reheat multiple times.

Tips and Best Practices

When it comes to preserving your green onions and getting the most out of your groceries, certain techniques ensure longevity and freshness. These expert tips will help you save money by avoiding premature spoilage.

  • Trimming the Roots: Begin by cutting off the roots of the green onions, this encourages fresh growth if you wish to regrow them.
  • Cleaning: Wash your green onions thoroughly under cool water to remove any dirt. However, only wash them right before usage to prevent excess moisture build-up.
  • Storing Gone Dry: Dry the onions well with a paper towel. Excess water can accelerate decay.
  • Halving for Storage: If they’re too long, cut the green onions in half to ensure they fit in your storage container without bending or breaking.
  • Container Choice:
    • Use a plastic bag to store the green onions in the fridge. Ensure it’s partially open to allow for air circulation.
    • Alternatively, place them upright in a glass with water, akin to a vase with fresh-cut flowers, changing the water every few days.
  • Refrigeration: When using a refrigerator, cover the onions loosely with a bag to maintain adequate humidity levels.
  • Countertop Storage: If you choose to keep the green onions on the countertop, use enough water to cover the roots and place the glass in a stable, upright position.
  • Labels Matter: Don’t forget to label your storage containers with the date of storage. This helps in tracking how long the green onions have been stored and when they should be used by.

Using Green Onions in Recipes

Green onions arranged in a glass jar on a kitchen counter, with a label indicating how to store them

Green onions, also known as scallions, are a versatile ingredient that can add both flavor and a pop of color to a wide range of recipes.

Flavor Profiles:

When you’re using green onions, you’ll find that the white and light green parts have a sharper, more pronounced onion flavor. They are perfect for sautéeing and add a depth of flavor to soups and sauces.

The dark green tops, on the other hand, are milder and sweeter, making them ideal for garnishing salads and other dishes where a fresh, crunchy texture is desired.

Incorporation Tips:

  • Soups: Finely chop the white parts and sauté them as a base with other aromatics such as garlic; slice the green parts thinly to sprinkle on top before serving.
  • Salads: Add sliced green tops to salads for a subtle onion flavor and a vibrant color contrast.
  • Sauces: Use the white portion in the early stages of sauce-making to provide a savory foundation.

Methods of Using Green Onions:

  • As a Garnish: Use thinly sliced green parts to garnish dishes just before serving. This not only adds freshness but also a burst of color.
  • Cooked in Dishes: Incorporate chopped white and light green parts in the cooking process, which allows their flavor to meld with other ingredients.

Frequently Asked Questions

In this section, you’ll find detailed answers to common queries about preserving the freshness of green onions using different storage methods.

What is the proper way to store green onions in the refrigerator to maximize their shelf life?

To store green onions in the refrigerator, first trim off any wilted parts and remove any rubber bands.

Wrap the onions in a damp paper towel, then place them inside a plastic bag, removing as much air as possible before sealing. This method keeps them crisp for up to two weeks.

Can you provide methods for storing green onions in water for prolonged freshness?

Certainly. Place the roots of the green onions in a jar with sufficient water to cover the roots, while keeping the green tops above the waterline.

Change the water every few days to ensure freshness, and keep the jar on a countertop or windowsill out of direct sunlight.

How can one use mason jars effectively for storing green onions?

Mason jars can be used similarly to glasses of water for green onion storage. Ensure the jar is clean, then fill it with a couple of inches of water.

Insert the onions root-first, and optionally, loosely cover the top of the jar with a plastic bag for extra humidity.

Is it possible to freeze green onions, and if so, how should it be done?

Freezing green onions is feasible. Wash, dry, and chop them as desired, then spread the pieces on a baking sheet to freeze individually.

Once frozen, transfer them to a sealable bag or container. They can be used directly from the freezer in cooking.

What are some tips for keeping green onions fresh without a refrigerator?

For countertop storage without refrigeration, place the roots of the green onions in a cup or jar of water, and change the water regularly.

Keep them in a cool area out of direct sunlight and use them within a week for optimal freshness.

How long can you expect green onions to last when stored in the fridge, and how can you tell when they’re no longer good?

When correctly stored in the refrigerator, green onions can last between one to two weeks.

You’ll know they’ve gone bad if you see slimy or discolored leaves, or if they have an off smell—these are signs it’s time to toss them out.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
Cassie Marshall
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