How to Store Mozzarella Cheese

Mozzarella cheese, with its distinct texture and flavor, has become a staple in various cuisines. When selecting mozzarella, you are often presented with a variety to choose from. Fresh mozzarella typically comes in the form of balls or bocconcini and is known for its high moisture content and soft texture. On the other hand, low-moisture mozzarella, which can be found in whole milk or part-skim varieties, has a firmer texture and a longer shelf life. For those with a palate for richer flavors, buffalo mozzarella, or mozzarella di bufala, made from the milk of water buffalo, offers creaminess unique to this variety. Similarly, smoked mozzarella adds a nuanced, smoky flavor to dishes.

When it comes to storage, the freshness of mozzarella cheese is paramount. Fresh mozzarella, including varieties like ciliegine and bocconcini, should be kept in the liquid it’s sold with, usually a saline solution, to maintain moisture. For cheeses like low-moisture mozzarella or aged varieties that are firmer and drier, proper storage involves refrigeration at a consistent temperature, usually around 4°C (40°F), and ensuring that the cheese is protected from air exposure, which can degrade its quality. By understanding the distinctions between high-moisture and low-moisture mozzarellas, you can make informed decisions on proper storage techniques to preserve flavor and texture.

Remember that mozzarella’s shelf life can vary significantly depending on the type. While fresh mozzarella should be consumed within days of purchase, low-moisture mozzarella can last longer when stored correctly. Proper storage not only extends the life of your mozzarella but also maximizes the sensory experience of your dishes.

Understanding Mozzarella Cheese

Mozzarella types explained.  Fresh Mozzarella vs Block Mozzarella.

When it comes to mozzarella cheese, understanding the types available and the importance of proper storage cannot be overstated. These factors are key to maintaining the quality and safety of your cheese.

Differences in Mozzarella Varieties

There are several types of mozzarella cheese, each with a distinct texture and flavor profile suitable for different dishes. Fresh mozzarella is a soft, white cheese with high moisture content, often used in salads, such as caprese, or served with tomatoes and basil. Low-moisture mozzarella is firmer and more suitable for grating atop pizzas and into pasta dishes. Buffalo mozzarella, made from the milk of water buffalo, provides a richer taste and is an exquisite option for authentic Italian dishes.

Importance of Proper Storage

Your mozzarella’s freshness, flavor, and shelf life are significantly impacted by proper storage. The correct temperature and humidity levels prevent bacterial and mold growth, ensuring both safety and quality. Stores your mozzarella in the refrigerator at 40°F (4°C) in an airtight container is ideal.

Factors Affecting Mozzarella Quality

  • Temperature: Keep mozzarella between 34°F and 40°F to maintain optimal quality.
  • Air: Exposure to air can lead to dryness and spoilage; seal tightly.
  • Moisture Content: Manage moisture levels; fresh mozzarella should be stored in water or brine, while low-moisture varieties should be kept dry.
  • Humidity: High humidity can promote mold growth, so storing mozzarella in a controlled environment is crucial.

Ensuring your hands are clean when handling mozzarella cheese is vital to prevent contamination.

Health Considerations

Mozzarella cheese is a nutritious addition to your diet when consumed in moderation. However, it’s susceptible to foodborne illnesses if not stored correctly. Securely sealed and chilled storage can help mitigate these risks. Always check your cheese for signs of spoilage, such as off odors or flavors and any visible mold, before consumption.

Initial Handling and Pre-Storage

Proper initial handling and pre-storage safeguard the freshness and quality of your mozzarella cheese. From the moment of purchase to preparing it for longer storage, meticulous attention ensures your cheese retains its desired taste and texture.

Inspecting the Cheese Upon Purchase

Upon purchasing mozzarella, check for signs of freshness. Ensure there is no off smell, discoloration, or signs of spoilage. When buying fresh mozzarella, it often comes in a container with whey or brine; the liquid should be clear without any cloudy appearance. Reputable sources often provide cheese with clear labels; verify the sell-by date to gauge the shelf life.

Deciding to Refrigerate or Freeze

Refrigerate your mozzarella if you plan to consume it within the cheese’s shelf life. Fresh mozzarella storage should be in the fridge at a temperature between 35°F and 40°F. For longer storage, freezing mozzarella is possible but can affect texture, making it suitable for cooked dishes upon thawing. Avoid freezing fresh mozzarella in whey or brine.

Preparation for Storage

Before storing mozzarella cheese, remove it from excess liquid if it’s fresh. To prepare for refrigeration:

  • Wrap the cheese in a paper towel to absorb moisture.
  • Then use plastic wrap, aluminum foil, or place it inside an airtight container to minimize air exposure.

For freezing:

  • Portion the mozzarella to your anticipated capacity needs.
  • Wrap portions tightly to prevent freezer burn.
  • Label and date each package before placing them in the freezer.

Ensuring mozzarella is well-wrapped and protected against the cold air will maintain its freshness for future use.

Refrigerating Mozzarella Cheese

Should you refrigerate fresh mozzarella?

Proper refrigeration is vital for maintaining the quality and extending the shelf life of fresh mozzarella cheese. Here are some tips to ensure your mozzarella remains flavorful and retains its texture.

Best Practices for Fridge Storage

When storing fresh mozzarella in the fridge, it’s essential to consider air, humidity, and container choice to prevent spoilage and protect the cheese’s delicate flavor and texture.

  • Container: Keep your fresh mozzarella in an airtight container. If the mozzarella is in water or brine, make sure to use a container that is sealed well to keep out additional air and harmful bacteria that could cause spoilage.
  • Plastic Wrap/Cheese Paper: For mozzarella not stored in liquid, wrap the cheese in plastic wrap or cheese paper before placing it in an airtight container or a resealable bag. This step is crucial as it helps to maintain the right level of humidity around the cheese.
  • Crisper Drawer: Consider placing your wrapped and containerized mozzarella in the crisper drawer of your fridge. The crisper can provide a more consistent environment with regard to temperature and humidity compared to the rest of the refrigerator.
  • Temperature: Ensure your fridge is set to maintain a temperature between 34°F and 40°F (1°C and 4°C), which is the ideal temperature range for refrigerating mozzarella cheese.
  • Freshness: Regularly check your mozzarella for any changes in texture or signs of spoilage. Replace the wrapping and brine solution, if applicable, every few days to keep the cheese fresh.
  • Shelf Life: Remember that even with proper storage, fresh mozzarella should be used relatively quickly as its shelf life is limited, even when refrigerated. Consume your mozzarella within a few days after opening for best quality.

Freezing Mozzarella Cheese

How to Freeze Mozzarella | Our Guide to Freezing Mozzarella

When storing mozzarella cheese in the freezer, maintaining its freshness and texture is key. You’ll want to use proper freezing techniques to extend the cheese’s shelf life without compromising quality.

Freezing Techniques for Long-Term Storage

Preparing Mozzarella for Freezing:

  • Shredded Mozzarella: Place your shredded mozzarella into a freezer-safe bag or vacuum-sealed bag to minimize exposure to air.
  • Block Mozzarella: Wrap tightly in wax paper or parchment before placing it into an airtight container or bag. This prevents freezer burn.
ShreddedNot requiredFreezer-safe bag
Block or FreshWax paper/ParchmentAirtight container


  • Set your freezer temperature to 0 °F (-18°C) to ensure the mozzarella freezes thoroughly.
  • Remove as much air as possible from the bag or container to protect the mozzarella’s texture.

Labeling and Dating:

  • Always label and date your mozzarella before freezing. This helps you track its shelf life and ensures proper rotation.

Thawing Mozzarella Cheese:

  • Thaw mozzarella in the refrigerator to maintain its texture. Rapid temperature change can affect the cheese quality.
  • Use thawed mozzarella as soon as possible to enjoy its freshness.

Maintaining Freshness and Quality

The Ultimate Guide to Storing Fresh Mozzarella

Ensuring your mozzarella cheese retains its freshness and quality involves proper storage techniques. These methods help to extend shelf life, maintain taste, and prevent spoilage.

Monitoring Storage Conditions

Temperature: Store mozzarella cheese in the refrigerator at a temperature around 40° Fahrenheit (4°C). Consistent cool temperatures are crucial to slow down bacterial growth and prevent spoilage.

Humidity: Fresh mozzarella contains a high moisture content. To maintain that balanced moisture level, it’s key to provide the right humidity conditions. If your refrigerator does not feature a humidity control, placing the cheese in an airtight container can help regulate the moisture level.

  • Airtight Container: To inhibit mold growth and retain moisture, always store mozzarella cheese in an airtight container. Fresh mozzarella stored with some of its original liquid (brine or water) will stay hydrated and keep its texture.
    • For fresh mozzarella: Use the liquid it comes in or cover the cheese with a small amount of olive oil to preserve its freshness and flavor.
    • For block or shredded mozzarella: After opening, wrap the cheese in parchment paper and then place it in a container or a sealable plastic bag.

Freezer Storage:

  • For freezing, place mozzarella cheese in a heavy-duty freezer bag or wrap it tightly with aluminum foil or freezer wrap. This can help extend the shelf life significantly, but it might slightly alter the texture.
  • To use, thaw the mozzarella in the refrigerator overnight, and consume it as soon as possible for the best taste and texture.

By monitoring and adjusting these storage conditions, you will ensure your mozzarella cheese stays fresh and flavorful for as long as possible.

Consumption and Usage Tips

When it comes to mozzarella cheese, enjoying its flavor and texture depends greatly on how it’s prepared and used in dishes. Proper thawing and preparation influence the cheese’s freshness and can enhance your meals, from pizzas to pasta.

Thawing and Preparing Defrosted Cheese

If your mozzarella is frozen, thaw it in the refrigerator for several hours or overnight. This gradual process helps maintain the cheese’s texture and flavor. Once thawed, bring the cheese to room temperature for about 20 minutes before using it in your recipes to ensure it melts evenly and incorporates well.

Incorporating Mozzarella in Meals

  • Pizzas: For a classic pizza, distribute slices or shreds of mozzarella evenly across the dough base. The cheese should melt and bubble into a golden hue without becoming rubbery.
  • Caprese Salad: Alternate fresh mozzarella slices with ripe tomatoes and fresh basil leaves. Drizzle with olive oil and balsamic reduction for a harmony of flavors.
  • Pasta and Lasagna: Stir chunks or slices of mozzarella into pasta for a gooey texture, or layer it in lasagna for a perfectly melted topping that brings out a rich, creamy profile.

Frequently Asked Questions

Properly storing mozzarella cheese is key to preserving its freshness and flavor. Here are some commonly asked questions and straightforward answers on how to achieve the best results.

What is the best method for storing a mozzarella cheese ball to prolong its freshness?

To prolong the freshness of a mozzarella cheese ball, store it in an airtight container in the coldest part of your refrigerator, ideally between 34°F and 40°F.

Is it safe to store mozzarella cheese in water, and if so, for how long?

Storing mozzarella in water is safe and can help maintain its moisture. Change the water daily, and you can keep the cheese in water for up to a week in the refrigerator.

How should fresh mozzarella be kept to prevent mold growth?

To prevent mold growth on fresh mozzarella, keep it refrigerated in an airtight container with a clean piece of parchment paper on top before sealing the container.

What is the ideal storage temperature for mozzarella cheese to maintain its quality?

The ideal storage temperature for mozzarella cheese is between 34°F and 40°F to ensure its quality and extend shelf life.

Can fresh mozzarella be frozen, and how does freezing affect its texture and taste?

Fresh mozzarella can be frozen, but it may affect texture, making it crumblier and less creamy. Wrap tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place in an airtight container before freezing.

What is the maximum duration fresh mozzarella can remain in the refrigerator while still being safe to consume?

Fresh mozzarella can typically be stored in the refrigerator for up to two weeks. Check the cheese for any signs of spoilage before consumption.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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