How to Store Rutabaga

Storing rutabaga correctly is crucial for maintaining its freshness and extending its shelf life.

Rutabagas, a nutritious root vegetable, can last for a considerable amount of time when stored under the right conditions.

You want to ensure that they stay firm and flavorful, whether you’re looking to keep them for a week or several months.

Rutabagas are stored in a cool, dark place. They should be kept in a well-ventilated area to prevent moisture buildup

The key to successful storage lies in mimicking the cool, moist environment of a root cellar.

If you have access to a cellar or a similar cool storage space, it’s ideal for rutabagas.

However, common alternatives like a refrigerator or a pantry can also be suitable if prepared correctly.

It’s important to keep rutabagas in a cold place, away from moisture and direct sunlight to prevent spoilage.

When you bring rutabagas home, it’s best to store them unwashed and to place them in a plastic bag with some holes for ventilation or wrapped in plastic to retain moisture.

Regular checks for any signs of softening or spoilage will help you use the vegetable while it’s still at its best.

Remember, the way you store your rutabaga can significantly impact its taste and texture when it comes time to enjoy your root vegetables.

Selecting Rutabagas

When choosing rutabagas, your goal is to find the freshest and highest quality root vegetables for storage.

Freshness largely influences both taste and longevity, so understanding how to select the best specimens is essential.

Start by looking for rutabagas that are firm to the touch, indicating good internal texture.

A high-quality rutabaga should be solid throughout, without any soft spots that could signal decay.

The skin should be smooth, free from large blemishes or bruises.

While minor imperfections are typical and don’t necessarily reflect the root’s inner quality, significant damage to the skin could accelerate spoilage.

The color of a healthy rutabaga should be vibrant. You’ll typically find a blend of purple and tan hues on the exterior. A rich, deep color can be an indicator of a well-grown rutabaga.

If any greens are still attached, they should look fresh and not wilted, as this often reflects the overall state of the rutabaga itself. However, for storage purposes, you will want to remove these greens to prevent moisture loss from the root.

Use the following table as a quick reference guide:

FirmnessShould feel solid and heavy
SurfaceLook for smooth skin
ColorA blend of deep purples and tans
GreensFresh-looking (if present)
BlemishesMinimal; no deep cuts or bruises

By ensuring that these criteria are met, you equip yourself with the best chance for prolonged storage and enjoyment of your rutabagas.

Preparing for Storage

Rutabagas neatly arranged in a cool, dark pantry with good air circulation and no direct sunlight

Before stowing away your rutabagas for long-term storage, ensure they are prepped correctly to maintain their texture and taste.

Adequate preparation involves cleaning soil and debris, trimming foliage, drying to remove excess moisture, and considering pre-freezing treatments when necessary.


To clean your rutabagas, gently remove any soil or dirt using a soft brush or cloth.

Be careful not to damage the skin, which acts as a natural barrier against decay.

Rinse the vegetables under cool water to remove any lingering dirt. However, avoid soaking them as this can introduce unwanted moisture that could lead to spoilage.


After cleaning, trim the leaves and roots of the rutabagas to about an inch from the crown.

This step reduces the risk of moisture loss and decay.

If your rutabagas still have leaves, you can store them separately. Leaves should be kept in an airtight container in the refrigerator.


Once cleaned and trimmed, pat the rutabagas dry with a clean paper towel.

Ensuring that no excess moisture is left on the surface is crucial, as moisture can encourage the growth of mold and bacteria.

Leave them out in open air for a short period to allow any remaining surface moisture to evaporate.

Pre-Freezing Treatments

If you plan to freeze your rutabagas, a brief blanching step is advisable.

Cut them into uniform pieces and submerge them in boiling water for two to three minutes.

Immediately transfer them to ice water to halt the cooking process.

This blanching will help retain the texture and flavor of the rutabagas during freezing.

Dry the blanched pieces thoroughly before placing them in the freezer.

Short-Term Storage Solutions

Rutabagas are neatly stacked in labeled bins, with proper ventilation and cool, dark conditions. Shelves hold various sized containers for different storage needs

Proper short-term storage of rutabagas can significantly extend their shelf life while maintaining their quality. The key is to balance temperature, moisture, and air circulation. Here’s how to keep your rutabagas fresh in the short term.

In the Refrigerator

  • Temperature: Keep your rutabagas in a refrigerator where the temperature is consistently cool. Aim for between 32°F and 40°F (0°C to 4°C) to prevent spoilage.
  • Humidity: Store them in the crisper drawer to take advantage of the higher humidity levels, which can keep them from drying out.
  • Air Circulation: Ensure that they are loosely wrapped in a plastic bag or covered with damp paper towels to maintain moisture while allowing some air circulation.
  • Shelf Life: Under these conditions, rutabagas can typically last for up to 3 weeks while staying crisp and flavorful.

In the Pantry or Cellar

  • Temperature: A cool, dark pantry or cellar—ideally between 50°F and 60°F (10°C to 15°C)—is suitable.
  • Light: Make sure the area is dark, as light can cause rutabagas to spoil faster.
  • Air Circulation: Good air circulation is important. Do not pack rutabagas too densely.
  • Humidity and Bedding: If available, a root cellar with straw bedding can help regulate humidity and temperature. Otherwise, storing in a cardboard box or wrapping in newspaper can also be effective.
  • Shelf Life: When stored in the right conditions, expect rutabagas to last for about 2 weeks before their quality begins to diminish.

Long-Term Storage Techniques

Rutabagas stored in a cool, dark cellar. Some are wrapped in newspaper, others in mesh bags. A few are nestled in sand-filled crates

For the successful long-term storage of rutabagas, maintaining proper temperature, humidity, and preventing moisture loss are crucial. Your rutabagas can retain their texture and flavor for several months with the right approach.


Freezing rutabagas is a straightforward method to preserve their quality over a long period.

Before freezing, you should peel the rutabagas, cut them into chunks, and blanch them briefly in boiling water.

This process helps to preserve texture and flavor.

After blanching, cool the pieces in ice water, drain, and dry.

Pack the rutabaga chunks into freezer bags or airtight containers and place them in the freezer.

Ensure the bags or containers are sealed well to prevent freezer burn and moisture loss.


Clamping is a traditional technique that involves storing rutabagas in a pile of sand, soil, or straw. To clamp rutabagas:

  1. Choose a well-drained outdoor location.
  2. Place a layer of straw or sand on the ground.
  3. Lay your rutabagas on the material, ensuring they don’t touch each other.
  4. Cover the rutabagas with another layer of the material and repeat until all are covered.
  5. Finish with a thick layer to insulate against freezing temperatures.

The humidity and insulation provided by the materials help maintain a consistent temperature and prevent spoilage.

Using Root Cellars

Root cellars provide an ideal environment for storing rutabagas due to the darkness, cool temperature, natural humidity, and ample air circulation.

Store rutabagas in wooden crates or burlap sacks to allow for breathability and place them in your root cellar.

To further regulate humidity, you may use hay or peat moss.

Monitor the temperature to ensure it remains between 32°F to 40°F (0°C to 4.4°C) and ensure the humidity level stays around 90-95% for optimal storage conditions.

Maintaining Optimal Conditions

Rutabagas are stored in a cool, dark place with good air circulation. They should be kept in a breathable container, such as a perforated plastic bag, to prevent moisture buildup

To preserve the quality of your rutabagas, it’s crucial to maintain the right environment. Here’s how to keep your rutabagas firm and flavorful for longer.

Monitoring Temperature

Ideal Temperature Range: You should store your rutabagas at a consistent temperature between 32 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • Root Cellar: For long-term storage, a root cellar is ideal due to its naturally cool and stable temperature.
  • Refrigeration: If you don’t have access to a root cellar, store rutabagas in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer to keep the temperature steady.

Controlling Humidity

Optimal Humidity Level: Maintain a humidity level between 70 and 80 percent.

  • Cellar: Use moisture-retaining materials like sand or mulch in your cellar to help manage humidity levels.
  • Plastic Bags: If you use plastic bags with ventilation holes for refrigeration, this can help retain just enough moisture without becoming overly damp.

Preventing Spoilage

Regularly check your stored rutabagas for signs of spoilage such as:

  • Mold Growth: Inspect for any fuzzy or spotty growth on the surface.
  • Soft Spots: Feel for areas that have become less firm, indicating the beginning stages of rot.

Proper air circulation is also essential to prevent spoilage.

Don’t pack the vegetables too tightly together.

Shielding from Light

Exposure to light, especially direct sunlight, can degrade the quality of rutabagas. Make certain to store them in darkness:

  • Root Cellar: A cellar naturally provides a dark environment.
  • Refrigerator: Ensure the crisper drawer shields the rutabagas from light.
  • Opaque Containers: If visible light is a problem, use opaque containers to protect your rutabagas.

Usage and Cooking Tips

Rutabaga placed in a cool, dark pantry. Airtight container or plastic bag for storage. Keep away from moisture and direct sunlight

When cooking with rutabagas, maintaining the integrity of their texture, flavor, and nutrients is paramount.

To leverage rutabaga’s full potential in recipes, proper thawing methods and understanding its culinary uses are essential.

Mindful Thawing

When you have frozen rutabaga, it’s important to thaw it correctly to preserve texture and flavor.

Gradually thaw rutabagas in the refrigerator to maintain a consistent temperature and prevent the loss of texture and nutrients.

Do not thaw rutabaga at room temperature as it can cause the vegetable to become mushy.

Culinary Uses

Rutabagas are versatile in the kitchen. Here’s how to incorporate them into meals:

  • Raw: You can enjoy rutabaga raw, slicing it into sticks for a crunchy snack, which allows you to enjoy its full fiber content and fresh taste.
  • Boiling: For a softer texture, boil rutabagas until tender; they can be mashed like potatoes, rich in fiber, potassium, and vitamin C.
  • Soups and Stews: Add rutabaga to soups and stews for its hearty flavor and texture.
  • Oven: Roast in the oven to caramelize the outer layer, enhancing its natural sweetness.
  • Casseroles: Include diced rutabaga in casseroles for added nutrients and a flavorful twist.

Remember, cooking rutabagas at the right temperature is crucial for best results.

Whether you’re boiling, mashing, or including them in soups, stews, or casseroles, rutabagas add a unique flavor and texture to a variety of dishes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Rutabaga storage can be optimized by understanding temperature needs, handling methods after cutting, and recognizing how it can be stored over extended periods to maintain freshness.

What is the ideal temperature for storing rutabaga?

The ideal temperature for storing rutabaga is between 32-40°F (0-4°C). This range helps maintain its quality, preventing it from becoming too soft or losing flavor.

Can rutabaga be frozen for extended freshness?

Yes, you can freeze rutabaga for extended storage. Before freezing, blanch the rutabaga and store it in airtight freezer bags or containers to preserve its quality.

What are the best practices for storing cut rutabaga?

After cutting, wrap the rutabaga tightly in plastic wrap or store it in an airtight container before placing it in the refrigerator to maintain freshness and prevent it from drying out.

How can rutabaga be preserved throughout the winter months?

For long-term preservation during winter, store rutabaga in a cool, humid place like a root cellar or basement, where they can last for several months.

Is it possible to store rutabaga at room temperature?

Short-term room temperature storage is possible for rutabaga, but it will not last as long as when stored in a cool, refrigerated environment.

How long can rutabaga typically last when refrigerated?

When stored properly in the refrigerator, rutabaga can last up to three weeks while maintaining its freshness and flavor.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
Cassie Marshall
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