How to Store Eggs

Storing eggs properly is essential to maintaining their freshness and extending their shelf life.

When you purchase eggs, they typically come in a specially designed carton that protects them from breakage and keeps them from absorbing strong odors and flavors from other foods through their porous shells.

It’s best to keep your eggs in this original carton; it not only shields the eggs from the light, which can degrade their quality, but also allows for optimal air circulation.

Eggs are stored in a sturdy, open carton on a flat surface in a cool, dry place

The fridge is your ally when it comes to keeping eggs fresh.

You should place the egg carton on the middle shelf of the refrigerator where the temperature is the most consistent.

The door might be tempting because of the built-in egg racks, but it’s actually prone to temperature fluctuations due to the frequent opening and closing, which can lead to a reduced shelf life for your eggs.

To help preserve their freshness, avoid moving eggs in and out of the fridge and try to keep them consistently cold once refrigerated.

Your handling of eggs, especially if they come from a backyard flock, is important as well.

Fresh unwashed eggs have a protective coating called the “bloom” that shields them from contaminants.

If you have access to these unwashed eggs, they can be safely stored at room temperature for several weeks.

However, once eggs are washed or if they’re store-bought, refrigeration is necessary to keep them fresh longer.

Remember to always refrigerate washed eggs and consume them within the suggested timeframe to enjoy their optimal quality and taste.

Understanding Egg Freshness

A carton of eggs sits in a refrigerator, with a label indicating the purchase date. The fridge shelves are clean and organized, and a small thermometer is visible to ensure proper storage temperature

Ensuring the freshness of your eggs is vital for their flavor and safety. There are specific techniques you can use to determine their freshness and it is important to understand the role of the natural coating on an egg.

Determining Freshness

You can check the freshness of an egg through a simple water test.

Place your egg in a bowl of water:

  • Fresh Eggs: Sink to the bottom and lay flat on their sides.
  • Older Eggs: Stand upright at the bottom of the bowl.
  • Spoiled Eggs: Float at the top of the water.

Additionally, pay close attention to the date on the carton. Ideally, use eggs within 3 to 5 weeks from the purchase date to ensure freshness.

Importance of the Bloom

Eggs have a natural coating called the bloom or cuticle, which is crucial for maintaining freshness. The bloom:

  • Shields eggs from bacteria.
  • Helps minimize moisture loss.

If you wash eggs, you remove the bloom, which is why washed eggs must be refrigerated promptly to prevent spoilage. When handling fresh eggs, it’s best to leave the bloom intact as long as possible.

Proper Storage Methods

Eggs placed in carton, stored in fridge. Keep away from strong odors. Avoid washing until ready to use

Eggs are a versatile and nutritious food, but to ensure they stay fresh, you need to store them correctly. Attention to temperature control, carton orientation, and environmental factors is essential.

Refrigerating Eggs Correctly

To maintain the quality of your eggs, store them in the refrigerator at a temperature between 33-40°F (0.6-4.4°C).

This temperature range is crucial as it reduces the growth of bacteria and preserves the freshness of the eggs.

  • Placement: Keep the eggs in the main body of the refrigerator rather than the door to avoid temperature fluctuations.
  • Humidity: Your fridge should have a moderate level of humidity to prevent the eggs from drying out.

Storing Eggs at Room Temperature

In some places, storing eggs at room temperature is common practice, but there are risks involved.

  • Duration: If you choose to keep eggs at room temperature, consume them within one to two weeks to ensure safety.
  • Environmental Conditions: Room temperature storage should only be considered if the environment is cool and consistent.

Special Considerations for Egg Cartons

The design of an egg carton serves a purpose beyond just convenience.

  • Orientation: Store the eggs with their pointed end facing down to keep the yolks centered and air cells intact.
  • Protection: Egg cartons also protect eggs from absorbing strong odors and flavors from other foods in the refrigerator, thanks to their porous shells.

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Preventing Contamination

Ensuring egg safety is vital in preventing foodborne illnesses like salmonella poisoning. Proper storage and handling are key steps to avoid bacterial growth on eggs.

Avoiding Bacteria Growth

To minimize bacteria growth, store your eggs at a temperature of 40°F (4°C) or below in the refrigerator.

It’s essential to maintain this consistent temperature; fluctuations can increase the risk of spoilage and bacteria.

Bacteria thrives at room temperature, so never leave eggs out for more than two hours.

  • Refrigeration: Store eggs in their carton in the main part of the fridge, not in the door, to ensure a stable temperature.
  • Airtight Containers: If storing hard-boiled eggs, keep them in an airtight container to prevent contamination and to retain moisture.

Handling Eggs Safely

The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) advises on proper egg handling to prevent contamination.

Always wash your hands with soap and water before and after handling eggs.

When cooking eggs:

  • Scrambled Eggs: Cook until firm throughout.
  • Steamed Hard-Cooked Eggs: Use a steamer basket, steam for 12-17 minutes, then cool under running water and peel.
  • Poached Eggs: Cook for 5 minutes over boiling water.
  • Soft-Cooked Eggs: Boil in the shell for 7 minutes.

For cleaning:

  • Wash cooking utensils, countertops, and dishes with hot soapy water after they come into contact with raw eggs.
  • Do not use the same utensils or surfaces for other food items without proper washing.

Egg Storage Extras

In this section, you will learn innovative ways to extend the shelf life of eggs far beyond their usual refrigerator life span.

Freezing Eggs for Longevity

You can freeze eggs to preserve their freshness for a longer period.

Hard-boiled eggs do not freeze well – the whites become tough and rubbery. Instead, focus on raw eggs. Here’s how:

  • Whole Eggs: Crack them open and gently blend yolks and whites; avoid whipping air into the mixture. Pour into a freezer-safe container, leaving some headspace for expansion, and seal tightly.
  • Egg Whites: Separate whites from yolks, pour into an ice cube tray, freeze, and then transfer to a freezer bag.
  • Egg Yolks: To prevent yolks from thickening, mix in 1/8 teaspoon of salt or 1.5 teaspoons of sugar or corn syrup per 1/4 cup of yolks.

Note: Label your containers with the date and contents to track their longevity.

Ideas for Preserving Eggs

Beyond freezing, here are a couple of methods to preserve eggs:

  • Mineral Oil Coating: Slightly warm food-grade mineral oil, apply a thin layer to each eggshell, and then store them in a carton, pointed side down. This method can prolong freshness for up to 9 months at cool temperatures.
  • Water Glassing: Submerge eggs in a solution of hydrated lime and water in a sealable container, ensuring eggs are fully covered.

Warning: Always ensure you are using food-grade materials and following safety guidelines for any preservation method.

Handling Eggs from Backyard Chickens

Collecting Eggs:

  • Freshness: Gather eggs from the nesting box at least once a day to maintain freshness and minimize the risk of contamination.
  • Examination: Check each egg from your backyard chickens for cracks or dirt. Those that are cracked should be used immediately or discarded.

Storing Backyard Chicken Eggs:

  • Refrigeration: If you choose to refrigerate eggs from your backyard flock, follow the same guidelines as store-bought eggs.
  • Refrigerate them at a consistent temperature of 35-40°F (1.7-4.4°C), and store them with the pointed end facing down.
  • Non-refrigerated Storage: For non-refrigerated storage, keep eggs in a basket or holder away from direct sunlight and sources of heat. Remember, consistency in temperature is key.

Detecting Egg Quality

Eggs in a carton, with a bright light shining on them. A thermometer nearby shows the ideal temperature for egg storage

To ensure your eggs are fresh and safe to eat, performing simple at-home tests can provide quick insight into their quality without having to crack them open.

The Float Test Explained

Purpose: The float test is a quick method to gauge the freshness of your eggs.

How to Perform:

  1. Fill a bowl with water.
  2. Gently place the egg into the bowl.

Interpreting Results:

  • Sinks and Lies Flat: Very fresh.
  • Sinks but Stands on End: Less fresh, but still safe to eat.
  • Floats: Old and may be spoilt; use caution before consuming.

Remember: Freshness affects buoyancy because over time, air enters the egg, causing it to float.

Visual and Olfactory Clues

Examine the Shell:

  • Check for cracks or discoloration.
  • Intact and unblemished shells are often indicative of fresher eggs.

After Cracking:

  • Yolk: A vibrant yellow or orange and firm yolk suggests freshness.
  • Egg White: Clear and thick whites mean the egg is fresher and will hold its shape better.


  • Fresh eggs will have a neutral scent.
  • Any foul or unusual odors are a clear sign that the egg may be bad, regardless of the expiration date.

Practical Tips for Egg Usage

When incorporating eggs into your meals and baked goods, understanding how they behave at different temperatures and in various preparations can ensure ideal texture and flavor.

It’s crucial to handle eggs correctly to prevent food poisoning while maximizing their culinary potential.

Cooking with Eggs

  • Temperature Matters: For scrambled eggs, a medium-low heat is key.
  • Begin cooking the eggs at a temperature around 250-325°F (121-163°C) to avoid overcooking and to achieve a creamy texture.
  • Stirring Techniques: Constant stirring is essential in making scrambled eggs.
  • This creates small curds rather than large, rubbery ones, resulting in a softer and more enjoyable eating experience.

Using Eggs in Baking

  • Freshness for Fluffiness: In baked goods, the fresher the eggs, the better the emulsification and leavening properties, leading to lighter textures.
  • Room Temperature Rule: Bring eggs to room temperature before using them in your recipes.
  • This helps eggs blend more easily into the batter, providing an even distribution that contributes to a consistent texture throughout your baked treats.
  • Avoid Contamination: Crack eggs into a separate bowl first, not directly into your mixture.
  • This practice ensures that any potential shell fragments or spoiled eggs do not contaminate your batter.

Frequently Asked Questions

Egg storage requires careful attention to ensure safety and maintain freshness. Here’s how to keep your eggs edible for longer periods.

What is the proper method to store eggs in the refrigerator?

You should store eggs in their original carton on a shelf in the refrigerator at a temperature between 33-40°F (0.6-4.4°C). This maintains freshness and prevents odor absorption.

Is storing eggs at room temperature safe, and if so, for how long?

Storing unwashed eggs at room temperature is safe for several weeks. However, once washed or if they are store-bought, they should be refrigerated immediately to prevent bacterial growth.

What techniques can be used to preserve eggs for extended periods?

To preserve eggs for over a year, submerge them in a solution of pickling lime and water. This method seals the shell and prevents spoilage.

Should eggs be positioned pointy end up or down when stored?

Eggs should be stored with the pointed end facing down. This positioning helps keep the yolk centered and the air cell intact, extending the egg’s freshness.

Can eggs be preserved in a jar, and what are the steps involved?

Yes, eggs can be preserved in a jar using the lime water preservation method. Dissolve pickling lime in water, then submerge the eggs ensuring they are completely covered by the solution in the jar.

Is there a difference in shelf life between refrigerated and unrefrigerated eggs?

Refrigerated eggs have a longer shelf life compared to those left at room temperature, especially after they have been washed.

Unrefrigerated unwashed eggs can last several weeks, while refrigerated eggs can stay fresh up to 5 times longer.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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