Basil Substitutes

Basil is a staple herb in many kitchens, revered for its aromatic leaves that bring a distinctive flavor to a variety of dishes, including pesto, pastas, and salads. Occasionally, you might find yourself in a situation where basil is not available, prompting the need for a substitute. Understanding which alternatives can most closely replicate the flavor profile of basil is essential in maintaining the integrity of your dish.

When you are looking for a basil alternative, the goal is to find something that offers a similar color, texture, or flavor without compromising the overall taste of your recipe. Fresh herbs like oregano and spinach are often recommended due to their texture and adaptability in a variety of dishes. For cooked recipes, dried herbs such as dried basil or Italian seasoning, which typically contains basil among other herbs, can be used to achieve a desired flavor reminiscent of the original ingredient.

Understanding Basil

Basil is central to your culinary herb collection, particularly if you enjoy Italian cuisine or Mediterranean dishes. Fresh basil boasts a unique flavor profile that’s slightly sweet and peppery with a faint anise note, making it fundamental in recipes like pesto, caprese salad, and margherita pizza.

When you’re working with dried basil, expect a more concentrated, less sweet essence. Typically, dried herbs are stronger, so a common guideline is to use one-third the amount of dried basil when substituting for fresh.

There are several varieties of basil, each bringing a distinct taste and fragrance:

  • Sweet Basil: It’s the most common, particularly in Western dishes, delivering a mild and versatile flavor.
  • Genovese Basil: This type has a strong, sweet profile and is preferred for traditional pesto.
  • Thai Basil: Featuring a robust licorice or aniseed taste, it’s essential in Southeast Asian cooking.
Basil TypeFlavorCommon Uses
Sweet BasilMild, slightly pepperyItalian sauces, salads, pizzas
Genovese BasilPotent, sweetPesto, fresh pasta dishes
Thai BasilLicorice-like, pungentStir-fries, curries, soups

Keep in mind, herbs like basil not only impart flavor but also contribute to a dish’s aroma and color. As you choose a basil substitute, consider how it complements the existing flavors and whether it’s fresh or dried to ensure the integrity of your dish remains intact.

Common Basil Substitutes

When your recipe calls for basil and you find yourself without it, several substitutes can aptly fill its place. Depending on whether you need a replacement for fresh or dried basil, you have multiple options:

For Fresh Basil:

  • Spinach: Provides color and texture akin to basil in raw dishes. However, note that spinach lacks the distinct aroma of basil.
  • Fresh parsley: A common herb that can mimic basil’s appearance in dishes.

For Dried Basil:

  • Dried oregano: This herb shares a similar intensity and works well in most recipes that require dried basil.
  • Dried thyme: Ideal for its earthy tones, although it’s slightly more subtle than dried basil.

When considering the best basil substitute, evaluate the recipe’s flavor profile. Here’s a quick reference:

SubstituteBest Used InFlavor Note
SpinachRaw dishesNeutral, lacks aroma
ParsleySauces, garnishFresh, clean taste
OreganoItalian cuisineRobust, pungent
ThymeMeats, stewsEarthy, subtle
RosemaryHearty dishesWoody, aromatic

Remember that while these substitutes can mimic basil to an extent, each brings its unique flavor and should be used in moderation to avoid overpowering the dish. Experiment with these alternatives and adjust to your taste.

Herbal Alternatives

When your recipe calls for basil and you find yourself without, consider these herbal alternatives, each with its own unique flavor profile that can complement your dish in a similar way.


Oregano is a robust herb often used in Mediterranean cooking. If you’re preparing a dish that calls for dried basil, you can use dried oregano as a substitute to maintain that earthy, aromatic quality in your cooking.


Parsley brings a fresh, slightly peppery flavor to dishes. It’s milder than basil which makes it a versatile substitution, especially for fresh basil. Use flat-leaf parsley for a more intense flavor or curly parsley for garnishing.


Thyme has a savory, almost earthy taste. It works well in French cooking and can complement chicken and fish dishes just as basil would. Use it sparingly as it has a stronger flavor.


Rosemary is an aromatic herb that pairs well with meats and hearty dishes. Use fresh rosemary to impart a strong, pine-like flavor or dried rosemary for a more subdued taste.


Sage offers a slightly peppery flavor with hints of mint. It’s a good alternative in recipes where you would use a small amount of basil so that its more potent flavor doesn’t overwhelm the dish.


Mint can stand in for basil to provide a fresh and zesty pop, particularly in salads or dishes that call for a lighter herbaceous note. Its cool aftertaste can add a unique dimension to your meals.


Incorporate tarragon for a bittersweet taste with an anise-like quality. This herb fits well in French cooking and is excellent when used in creamy sauces or with chicken or fish as a basil substitute.


Cilantro, while distinct from basil, has a fresh, citrusy flavor that makes it a good stand-in in many raw preparations like salsas or salads, contributing a bright flavor profile.

Leafy Green Substitutes

In your culinary adventures, you may find yourself without basil for your recipes. When this happens, several leafy greens can serve as excellent substitutes, bringing their own distinct flavors and nutritional profiles to dishes, especially salads.


Arugula, with its peppery taste, can add a bold flavor to your salads, much like basil. It is particularly suitable for raw applications where its robust flavor can stand out. For a basil-like touch in dishes, use arugula sparingly, as its intensity can be much stronger than that of basil.


Kale offers a heartier texture and a slightly bitter flavor, which can complement dishes that usually rely on basil. For cooked recipes, kale is an ideal substitute since it holds up well to heat. When using kale in place of basil, remember to chop it finely as its leaves are tougher, and you might want to use a bit less than the amount of basil called for.


Spinach is a versatile substitute for basil with a milder flavor, making it an excellent addition to pesto or salads where you do not want the herb to overpower other ingredients. Use spinach in equal amounts to basil; it won’t dominate the other flavors in your dish and will maintain the vibrant green color typically associated with basil.

Substitutes in Italian Dishes

When preparing Italian dishes that typically feature basil, such as Caprese salad, bruschetta, or pesto, finding a suitable substitute can maintain the integrity of the flavors in the absence of fresh basil.

For Tomato-based recipes like pasta sauces or tomato sauces:

  • Oregano: This herb is a staple in Italian cuisine, and when used in a tomato sauce, it provides a robust flavor. Use it in equal parts as a basil stand-in.
  • Thyme: Although slightly different in taste, thyme has a complementary flavor profile perfect for sauces, adding an interesting layer to your dish.
  • Italian Seasoning: A blend of dried herbs, including oregano, thyme, and sometimes rosemary, italian seasoning can mimic the complexity of basil’s flavor.

For Pesto and salads:

  • Parsley: Exhibits a fresh and slightly peppery taste, making it a good substitute in pesto or salad when combined with other herbs.
  • Arugula: Gives a peppery kick to dishes like pesto, providing both flavor and a green hue akin to basil.
  • Spinach leaves: While mild and not as aromatic, spinach can bulk up a pesto while allowing other flavors, such as garlic and pine nuts, to shine through.

For Pizzas:

  • Fresh Oregano: Imparts a distinctly Italian taste that complements pizza toppings and the tomato sauce well. Use sparingly as it is more potent than basil.

Here’s a quick reference table:

Dish TypeSubstituteQuantityNotes
Tomato SaucesOregano1:1 for dried basilAdds a strong Mediterranean flavor
PestoParsley1:1 for fresh basilFresh, with a pepper note; combine with other herbs
PizzaFresh OreganoAdjust to tastePotent; start with less and add to taste

Your choice of substitute will depend on the specific dish and the flavors you want to achieve, ensuring your Italian culinary creations are delightful even without the staple herb of basil.

Substitutes in Mediterranean Cooking

When you’re creating Mediterranean fare, the absence of basil can be noticeable. This region’s cuisine is known for its aromatic herbs that contribute to the distinctive flavors of dishes. If you find yourself without basil, there are several suitable substitutes that will maintain the integrity of your Mediterranean dishes.

Oregano is your go-to substitute, especially in Greek and Italian recipes. As a robust herb with similar aromatic properties, use it in equal parts for fresh basil. Though slightly more peppery, it complements Mediterranean staples beautifully.

Italian Seasoning is another alternative that blends well in Mediterranean cuisine. Given that it often contains a mix of basil, thyme, rosemary, and oregano, it can impart a similar profile to your dishes. Be mindful of the blend’s components to ensure balance in your recipes.

For dishes requiring a hint of sweetness akin to that of Greek basil, consider marjoram. It’s milder than oregano and sweeter, making it a versatile stand-in for basil in sauces and vinaigrettes.

In terms of seeds, fennel seeds offer a slight anise flavor which parallels that of some basil varieties, such as holy basil. Use fennel seeds sparingly as they are potent.

Lastly, coriander can be used when a citrus note is desired. It’s not a direct substitute but works well in certain Mediterranean recipes, offering a fresh, lemony zest reminiscent of lemon basil.

Basil VarietySubstituteFlavor Note
Greek BasilMarjoramSweet
Holy BasilFennel SeedsAnise
Lemon BasilCorianderCitrusy

Remember, it’s important to adjust quantities based on taste, as substitutes can be more potent than basil.

Using Citrus and Aromatic Substitutes

Finding the right substitute for basil can enhance your dish with a burst of citrusy brightness or a complex aromatic profile. When you are looking for alternatives, consider how these substitutes can complement the flavors you are working with.

Lemon Basil

Lemon Basil: If your recipe calls for basil and you desire a citrus note, lemon basil is an excellent choice. Its flavor profile includes the aromatic qualities of basil paired with a zesty lemon undertone, making it perfect for adding a fresh twist to salads or seafood.


Lemon: The zest and juice of a lemon can act as a basil substitute by imparting a bright, acidic flavor to dishes. This can be particularly effective in dressings, marinades, or even in flavored oils. To create a flavored oil, infuse olive oil with lemon zest and a touch of garlic for a basil-free, aromatic twist.

  • Flavored Oil Recipe:
    • Zest of 1 lemon
    • 1 cup olive oil
    • 1 garlic clove, crushed (optional)


Garlic: Although not citrusy, garlic offers a robust flavor that can stand in for basil’s pungency in savory dishes. Use minced garlic to build a foundation of flavor in sauces or stews. Remember, a little goes a long way, so start with a small amount and adjust according to your taste.

Celery Leaves

Celery Leaves: Don’t overlook the subtle, grassy notes of celery leaves as a basil alternative. With a hint of peppery flavor, they bear a resemblance to parsley and can bring an herby brightness to dishes. Use celery leaves to top soups or stews or combine with garlic for a more complex flavor profile.

Substitutes for Specific Dishes

Choosing the right basil substitute is crucial for the taste and authenticity of your dish. The following suggestions cater to specific types of recipes you might be preparing.


For salads, fresh parsley is an excellent basil substitute. Its vibrant color and fresh taste complement green salads well. If you’re making a Caprese salad and are out of basil, baby spinach offers a similar color and a mild flavor that won’t overpower other ingredients.

  • Option 1: Fresh Parsley (bright, fresh flavor)
  • Option 2: Baby Spinach (mild taste, similar texture)

Tomato Sauces

When it comes to tomato sauces, dried oregano serves as a flavorful basil alternative. It provides a classic Italian taste that pairs perfectly with the acidity of tomatoes. You can also consider using thyme or rosemary, introducing the warm and peppery flavors that harmonize with the sauce.

  • Option 1: Dried Oregano (classic Italian flavor)
  • Option 2: Thyme (versatile, herbal profile)
  • Option 3: Rosemary (warm, peppery notes)

Poultry Seasoning

For poultry seasoning, tarragon imparts a subtle aniseed flavor that can beautifully replace basil, especially in French-inspired dishes. It brings out the flavors of chicken without overwhelming them. Alternatively, a blend of rosemary and thyme can echo the herbal backdrop that basil would typically provide.

  • Option 1: Tarragon (aniseed hint, good with chicken)
  • Option 2: Rosemary and Thyme (herbal flavors)

Other Considerations

When opting for a basil substitute, it’s crucial to understand the right proportions for substitution and the best practices to dry and store herbs to maintain their flavor and aromatic properties.

Proportions for Substitution

To replace fresh basil, dried basil is often used; the general rule is to use one-third of the dried herb in comparison to fresh. If your recipe calls for one tablespoon of fresh basil, you can substitute with one teaspoon of dried basil instead. Keep in mind that other substitutes may require different proportions due to varying flavors and potencies.

How to Dry and Store Herbs

Drying basil is a straightforward process. Gather the leaves, rinse them, and pat them dry. Lay the leaves out on a baking sheet and place them in an oven set to the lowest possible temperature. Leave the door ajar slightly to allow moisture to escape. Check frequently until the leaves are dry and crumble easily.

Storing dried herbs properly is key to preserving their quality. Once dried, crumble the basil leaves and store them in an airtight container. Keep the container in a cool, dark place to protect the herbs from heat and light, which can degrade the herbs’ flavors over time.

Frequently Asked Questions

When cooking, you sometimes have to get creative with what you have on hand. If you’re missing basil, here are some FAQs about suitable substitutes that will help you adjust your recipes without compromising flavor.

What herbs can I use in place of basil for pasta dishes?

For pasta dishes, oregano, thyme, and parsley make good alternatives, offering a flavor profile that complements the other ingredients well.

Can parsley effectively replace basil in Italian recipes?

Yes, parsley can replace basil in Italian recipes. It provides a fresh, slightly peppery flavor that works well in sauces and seasoning blends.

What are the best alternatives for fresh basil when making pesto?

When making pesto, consider using spinach leaves or arugula as a green base in place of basil. These can give the pesto a slightly different, yet delicious flavor profile.

How can I substitute dried basil in a recipe if I don’t have it?

If you’re out of dried basil, you can use an equal amount of Italian seasoning, or a mix of oregano and thyme, to achieve a similar taste in your dish.

What’s a suitable replacement for basil in Thai cuisine?

For Thai cuisine, cilantro or mint are suitable replacements for basil, especially in dishes where the herb is used as a fresh garnish.

How does Italian seasoning compare to basil as a substitute in sauces?

Italian seasoning, which typically contains basil along with other herbs, can closely mimic the overall flavor of basil and serves as a great all-purpose substitute in sauces.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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