Types of Green Peppers

In the world of green peppers, the culinary possibilities are seemingly endless. With so many varieties offering unique flavors and heat levels, you’ll find that these versatile vegetables can be used not only to spice up your dishes but also to create pleasing presentations and even form the main ingredient in some meals.

Introducing yourself to different types of green peppers can transform the way you approach cooking and help you discover exciting flavor combinations. From the well-known bell peppers to the more daring jalapeno and poblano peppers, you’ll be able to add depth and dimension to a wide range of dishes, whether stuffed and roasted, blanched, or included in casseroles.

Key Takeaways

  • Different green peppers offer a variety of heat levels and flavors to enhance cooking
  • Discovering new peppers can transform your culinary approach and inspire creative dishes
  • Green peppers can be used in diverse ways, from stuffing and roasting to adding heat in casseroles

Green Peppers

Green peppers, known as bell peppers or sweet peppers, offer a mild and slightly sweet taste. With their bell-like shape and thick flesh, you’ll find them in various shades such as green, red, yellow, orange, and even purple.

These peppers are packed with vitamins C and A, fiber, and other nutrients, making them a great addition to your diet. Enjoy them raw, cooked, or stuffed across a range of dishes, from stir-fries and salads to soups.

A favorite in Mexican, Italian, and Greek cuisines, each color of bell pepper provides distinct flavors, adding versatility and enhancing the taste of numerous dishes. Their mild nature allows them to pair well with a wide variety of ingredients.

When you’re on the lookout for fresh bell peppers, choose those with a firm, smooth texture, free from any soft spots or blemishes. To keep them fresh, store them in your refrigerator for up to one week.

Different Kinds of Green Peppers

You may encounter a variety of green peppers in your culinary adventures. Each type has its distinct flavor and level of heat. Here’s a list of different green peppers to help you distinguish one from another:

  • Bell peppers: These common green peppers have a bell shape, thick flesh, and a slightly sweet flavor. Perfect for a variety of dishes.
  • Cubanelle peppers: Long and slender, with a mild and sweet taste. Often found in Italian and Spanish cuisine.
  • Poblano peppers: Medium-sized and mildly spicy, frequently used in Mexican dishes like chicken poblano and chiles rellenos.
  • Anaheim peppers: Similar to poblano peppers, but with an added kick. Commonly used in Southwestern cuisine for chiles rellenos.
  • Banana peppers: These long, thin peppers offer a mild, sweet flavor and are great for sandwiches and salads. They start green and ripen to yellow or red.
  • Jalapeño peppers: Known for their spicy bite, these small green peppers are a staple in Mexican cuisine for salsa and guacamole.
  • Serrano peppers: A step up in heat from jalapeños, these small green peppers add a fiery touch to Mexican dishes like pico de gallo.
  • Thai peppers: Extremely hot green peppers usually found in Thai cuisine, ideal for those who love spicy sauces and curries.

These diverse green peppers enhance a wide array of dishes with their unique flavors and varying levels of spice. You can even stuff them with various ingredients for creative and delicious stuffed green pepper recipes. Enjoy exploring and experimenting with these versatile peppers in your kitchen!

Are Green Peppers Spicy?

Green bell peppers aren’t known for being spicy; in fact, yellow and orange bell peppers are often considered sweet. The spice level of green bell peppers depends on their variety and ripeness, but they’re generally mild. If you’re in search of heat, you’ll want to explore other green-colored peppers, such as jalapeños, serranos, or Thai chilis. These peppers boast a noticeably spicier kick and are frequently used in Asian and Mexican dishes. To determine a pepper’s heat level, try tasting a small piece before including it in your recipe.

A delightful treat made from a mix of peppers, including jalapeños, banana, Anaheim, serrano, and Thai chilis, is green pepper jelly. This versatile jelly can enhance your cooking as a sauce, be served on crackers or toast, or even poured over cream cheese for a popular appetizer. Enjoy experimenting with different green peppers and their varying heat levels to discover the perfect blend of flavors for your taste buds.

Colorful bell pepper on a wood boards

What to Cook with Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are versatile and can be a delicious addition to various dishes. Here are some delightful ideas for incorporating them into your meal plans:

  • Crockpot Stuffed Bell Peppers: Hollow out bell peppers by removing their tops, seeds, and membranes. Fill them with a mixture of ground beef, rice, and tomato sauce, then bake until the pepper is tender and thoroughly cooked.
  • Beef Fajitas: Slice bell peppers and onions into thin strips and sauté with your choice of beef or chicken. Serve alongside tortillas, guacamole, and sour cream for a scrumptious meal.
  • Pepper and Onion Chicken Skewers: Cut bell peppers and onions into large chunks and thread them onto skewers. Brush with olive oil and grill until tender.
  • Stir Fry: Incorporate thinly sliced bell peppers into a stir fry with your preferred protein – chicken, beef, or tofu. Feel free to include other vegetables, such as broccoli, carrots, or onions.
  • Gazpacho: Create a refreshing cold soup by blending bell peppers with tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, garlic, and bread.
  • Bell Pepper Quiche: Enhance a quiche by adding diced bell peppers, cheese, eggs, and cream. Pop into the oven and bake until set.
  • Roasted Red Pepper Hummus: Prepare a delightful dip by processing chickpeas, roasted red peppers, garlic, lemon juice, and tahini in a food processor. Enjoy with pita chips or fresh vegetables.

These suggestions are merely the tip of the iceberg – bell peppers can be adapted to numerous dishes, so don’t hesitate to get creative and discover new ways to use them in your culinary adventures.

Identifying Spiciness in Peppers

To determine if a pepper is spicy, consider the following factors:

  • Appearance: Smaller and wrinkled peppers tend to be hotter. But be cautious, as some might surprise you with their mildness.
  • Aroma: Spicy peppers often have a distinct smell when cut or bruised. However, the aroma’s intensity doesn’t always indicate spiciness.
  • Tasting: The most accurate method is to taste a small piece of the pepper. Begin with a tiny piece and increase gradually, as some peppers are incredibly hot. A spicy flavor means it’s likely a hot pepper.
  • Scoville Rating: It’s a scale measuring pepper heat levels, with higher numbers representing hotter peppers. Extremely hot peppers like the Carolina Reaper or the Ghost Pepper have high ratings.

Take precautions when trying new peppers, especially if you’re sensitive to spicy foods. Wear gloves when handling hot ones and avoid touching your face or eyes afterward. Removing some seeds can also lessen the heat.

At the grocery store, you might find various colorful pepper varieties. As many peppers mature, they turn red, becoming sweeter as they approach this deeper shade.

What is the Scoville Rating?

The Scoville Rating, also known as the Scoville Heat Unit Scale, is a system to determine the heat level of peppers. Created by a pharmacist in 1912, it evaluates the concentration of capsaicin, the substance responsible for the spiciness. Scoville Heat Units (SHUs) range from 0 (no heat) to over 2 million (extremely hot). To give you an idea of various peppers’ heat levels:

  • Bell Pepper: 0 SHUs
  • Pimento Pepper: 100-500 SHUs
  • Jalapeno Pepper: 2,500-8,000 SHUs
  • Serrano Pepper: 10,000-23,000 SHUs
  • Cayenne Pepper: 30,000-50,000 SHUs
  • Thai Pepper: 50,000-100,000 SHUs
  • Habanero Pepper: 100,000-350,000 SHUs
  • Ghost Pepper: 1,000,000-1,500,000 SHUs
  • Carolina Reaper: 1,500,000-2,200,000 SHUs

Keep these ratings in mind the next time you’re enjoying a spicy dish!

Creative Pepper Usage Ideas

  • Pizza topping: Simply slice peppers and add them to your pizza along with sausage, onions, and mushrooms for extra flair.
  • Sandwich filling: Enhance your favorite sandwich with some sliced peppers for additional crunch and flavor.
  • Pickle them: Make your own pickled peppers by slicing and placing them into a jar with vinegar, sugar, and spices. Let the mix sit for a few days, and then savor them as a tasty condiment or snack.

Poblano Pepper Recipes

Poblano peppers, a staple in Mexican cuisine, provide endless possibilities for scrumptious dishes. Here are some delightful meal ideas to try:

  • Chiles Rellenos: Poblano peppers are perfect for this dish that involves stuffing the peppers with cheese, beef, or chicken, then battering and frying for a satisfying treat.
  • Poblano Pepper Soup: Combine chicken broth, onion, and garlic to create a velvety and flavorful soup using poblano peppers.
  • Poblano Pepper Tacos: Sauté spicy poblano pepper slices with onions and garlic for a tasty taco filling. You can reduce the heat by removing all of the seeds from the peppers. Serve in warm tortillas and add your preferred taco toppings.
  • Grilled Stuffed Peppers: Use the ample size of poblano peppers to your advantage and stuff them with rice and ground meat before grilling for a mouthwatering main course.

Remember to try these poblano pepper recipes with a side of mole sauce for an authentic Mexican touch. Enjoy your culinary adventure!

Pepper Sauce Recipe

To create a delightful pepper sauce, follow these steps:
5 from 1 vote
Total Time 20 minutes
Course Seasoning
Cuisine American
Servings 4
Calories 54 kcal


  • 2 bell peppers roasted and peeled
  • 1 jalapeño pepper seeded and chopped (or any hot pepper of your choice)
  • 1 garlic clove minced
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup red wine vinegar
  • Salt and pepper as needed


  • Roast the peppers: Roast the bell peppers on an open flame or in the oven until their skin is blackened and blistered. After roasting, transfer the peppers into a plastic bag or a covered container for about 10-15 minutes. This will make it easier for you to peel off the skin, remove the seeds, and eliminate the membrane.
  • Blend your ingredients: Utilize a blender or a food processor to mix the roasted bell peppers, jalapeño pepper, garlic, olive oil, and red wine vinegar. Continue blending until you achieve a smooth consistency.
  • Add finishing touches and serve: Sprinkle salt and pepper according to your taste preferences. The sauce can be served alongside grilled meats, fish, and vegetables. Alternatively, you can use it as a marinade for chicken or beef before grilling or roasting. Enjoy your pepper sauce!


Calories: 54kcal
Keyword pepper sauce recipe
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!

Frequently Asked Questions

Common Mild Green Peppers

There are several mild green peppers you can find, such as:

  • Bell peppers: sweet and crunchy, great for salads
  • Anaheim peppers: slightly spicy, perfect for roasting
  • Poblano peppers: richer flavor, used in Mexican dishes

Green Peppers Perfect for Stuffing

Ideal green peppers for stuffing include:

  • Bell peppers: large and sturdy, can be filled with various ingredients
  • Poblano peppers: perfect for stuffing with cheese or meat in dishes like chiles rellenos

Identifying Different Green Pepper Varieties

Here are some tips to identify a few green pepper varieties:

  • Bell peppers: blocky shape with thick walls and a sweet taste
  • Anaheim peppers: long and tapered, with a mild to medium heat
  • Jalapeño peppers: small, shiny, with a spicy kick
  • Poblano peppers: dark green, heart-shaped, and mildly spicy

Small and Spicy Green Peppers

Some small, spicy green peppers include:

  • Jalapeño peppers: medium heat, often used in Mexican cuisine
  • Serrano peppers: skinny and fiery, spicier than jalapeños
  • Thai bird’s eye chilis: tiny but very spicy, used in Southeast Asian dishes

Long and Sweet Green Peppers

Long and sweet green peppers you might encounter are:

  • Anaheim peppers: mildly spicy with a smoky, sweet taste
  • Italian sweet peppers (Cubanelle): light green, sweet, and slightly tangy
  • Banana peppers: long, curved, and sweet, perfect for pickling or sandwiches

Most Popular Green Peppers in Cooking

The following green peppers are frequented in various recipes:

  • Bell peppers: versatile and used in many cuisines, imparting a sweet flavor
  • Jalapeño peppers: a popular choice for adding heat to dishes
  • Poblano peppers: a favorite in Mexican cuisine, often used in moles and sauces
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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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