How to Use Galangal in Cooking

Galangal, a rhizome related to ginger, is an essential ingredient in Southeast Asian cuisine, treasured for its ability to impart a unique flavor to dishes.

Known scientifically as Alpinia galanga, it belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and stands out due to its sharp, citrusy notes and slightly piney aroma.

Unlike its more widely used cousin ginger, galangal brings to the table a warm, earthy characteristic that is not easily replicated, making it a valuable component in a variety of recipes.

Galangal being sliced and added to a sizzling pan of aromatic spices and herbs

When cooking with galangal, you’ll find it most commonly used in curries, stir-fries, soups, and stews.

Its bold flavor profile means that a little goes a long way in enhancing the overall taste of your dish.

To fully harness its potential, it’s important to prepare galangal properly.

Starting with a fresh piece, you should clean it thoroughly, peel its skin, and depending on the dish, you can mince, slice, or grind it to incorporate into your recipes.

Understanding Galangal

When embarking on culinary explorations through Southeast Asian cuisine, you’ll find that galangal is a cornerstone ingredient with distinctive flavor and aromatic presence.

It’s key to differentiate the varieties available and to understand its relation to ginger to utilize galangal effectively in your cooking.

Varieties of Galangal

Galangal is a member of the Zingiberaceae family and comes primarily in two varieties that you might encounter:

  • Greater Galangal (Alpinia Galanga): Often referred to as Thai or Siamese ginger, this is the most common type found in Thai and Indonesian cooking. It is larger and has a lighter skin with a more pronounced flavor.
  • Lesser Galangal (Alpinia officinarum): This variety is smaller with a darker skin and packs a spicier punch, used more often in medicinal applications rather than culinary.

Both fresh and dried galangal is used in Southeast Asian cuisine, with fresh galangal imparting a more vibrant taste compared to the subtler flavors offered by the dried form.

Galangal vs. Ginger

Though galangal and ginger are akin, belonging to the same botanical family, they exhibit notable differences:

  • Flavor: Galangal carries a sharp, citrusy undertone with earthy nuances, whereas ginger offers a warmer, more pungent bite.
  • Aroma: The aroma of galangal can be described as fresh and piney, in contrast to the more robust and spicy scent of ginger.
  • Usage: While ginger can be used more liberally, galangal has a stronger flavor profile, so it is typically used sparingly to avoid overpowering the dish.

Preparation Basics

When using galangal in your cooking, starting with the right preparation methods is essential to extract its best flavor and make it easy to incorporate into dishes.

How to Peel and Cut Galangal

To prepare fresh galangal, begin by washing the root thoroughly.

You need a strong, sharp knife because the root is quite dense and fibrous.

Carefully peel the outer layer of the skin to expose the lighter flesh. To peel, either use a vegetable peeler or scrape the skin off with the edge of a spoon.

Once peeled, it’s time to cut the galangal.

For most recipes, thinly slicing the galangal is the preferred method as it exposes more surface area, which releases more flavor during cooking.

If you need to mince the galangal, slice it first, then rock your knife over the slices until they’re finely chopped.

Storing Galangal

Proper storage of galangal ensures it stays fresh and retains its pungent flavor for longer.

If you plan to use the galangal within a week, wrap it in a paper towel, place it in a plastic bag, and store it in the refrigerator’s crisper drawer.

For longer storage, freezing galangal is an excellent option.

You can freeze it whole, sliced, or minced.

When freezing, lay the pieces on a baking sheet spaced apart; once frozen, transfer them to a freezer bag to prevent clumping.

Frozen galangal can be used directly in your cooking without thawing.

If you have dehydrated or powdered galangal, store it in a cool, dark place in an airtight container to protect its aromatic oils.

Culinary Uses of Galangal

Galangal, with its spicy, citrusy, and earthy flavors, is a cornerstone in Southeast Asian cuisine, particularly in Thai, Indonesian, Malaysian, and Cambodian dishes.

Knowing how to incorporate this pungent rhizome can transform your curries, soups, and other dishes with its distinctive peppery kick.

Incorporating Galangal into Curries

When preparing Thai curries, it’s essential to use fresh galangal to achieve the depth of flavor typical to Southeast Asian cuisine.

Grate or finely mince galangal before adding it to your curry paste.

This base typically also includes other aromatics such as shallots, garlic, and lemongrass.

Cooking this paste at the start of your dish will release the robust flavors of galangal, infusing your curry with its signature warm and zesty notes.

  • For a traditional touch:
    • Grate 1-2 teaspoons of fresh galangal for a standard-sized pot of curry.
    • Combine with other curry ingredients like lemongrass and chilies.

Soups and Stews with Galangal

Galangal is a must-have for authentic Tom Yum and Tom Kha soups, contributing its bold profile without overwhelming the delicate balance of the broth.

Slice galangal into thin discs and simmer them in the soup or stew to infuse the liquid with its flavor.

Remember to inform diners about the firm pieces, as they are usually not meant to be consumed directly.

  • For a hearty soup:
    • Add a couple of slices of galangal into your broth and continue to simmer for at least 10 minutes.
    • Pair galangal with coconut milk for the creamy and contrasting base of Tom Kha.

Other Galangal-Infused Dishes

While most commonly associated with curries and soups, galangal also enhances stir-fries and other dishes with its savory spiciness.

Use it sparingly to add a punch of flavor to vegetable or meat stir-fries. Its robust taste stands up to strong flavors, making it a versatile addition to many Southeast Asian dishes beyond just curries and broths.

  • For a quick stir-fry:
    • Finely chop or grind a small amount of galangal and toss it into your stir-fry in the last few minutes of cooking.
    • Balance its pungent note with a touch of sweetness or acidity from palm sugar or tamarind.

Galangal in Health and Medicine

Galangal is not only a versatile culinary ingredient but also a prominent herb in traditional and modern medicine.

Recognized for its medicinal properties and health benefits, galangal is particularly noted for its anti-inflammatory effects and use in alleviating nausea.

Traditional Remedies with Galangal

In many cultures, galangal has been a staple in treating various ailments.

  • Digestive Aid: You might find galangal used to alleviate symptoms of upset stomach and nausea.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Traditionally, galangal has been applied to reduce inflammation and to help in pain relief.

Modern Health Benefits

Recent scientific research has provided a clearer understanding of galangal’s health benefits.

  • Antioxidant Source: It is rich in antioxidants, which protect your cells from oxidative damage.
  • Male Fertility: Studies suggest that galangal might contribute to enhancing male fertility.

Galangal in Ayurvedic Medicine

In Ayurvedic practice, galangal is respected for its ability to balance bodily processes.

  • Dosha Management: It is thought to manage the three doshas—vata, pitta, and kapha.
  • Holistic Well-being: You’ll find galangal included in formulations intended to promote overall health and well-being.

Buying and Substituting Galangal

When cooking with galangal, knowing where to purchase it and how to substitute it can shape the flavor of your dishes.

Where to Find Galangal

You can find galangal at Asian markets, where it’s typically available in both fresh and dried forms.

Fresh galangal is your best bet for recipes that depend on its distinct flavor. When choosing fresh galangal, look for firm roots with smooth skin.

Galangal Substitutes

If galangal is not available, certain ingredients can act as its stand-in. Here are some common galangal substitutes:

  • Fresh Ginger: Although more mild, use fresh ginger in equal amounts to mimic galangal’s flavor.
  • Turmeric: For color and a subtle earthy taste, turmeric can replace galangal, especially in curries and soups.

Remember, while substitutes can come close to galangal’s flavor, they will not replicate it exactly. Each substitute brings its own unique profile to a dish.

Galangal in Beverages and Desserts

Galangal can bring a refreshing twist to your beverages and desserts with its unique citrus undertones and slightly sweet yet slightly bitter profile.

When using light galangal, you’ll find it complements citrus flavors beautifully, creating a complex taste experience.


  • Teas: Infuse slices of galangal in boiling water for a vibrant, aromatic tea. Pair it with lemongrass for an invigorating blend.
  • Cocktails: Muddle galangal with citrus fruits and mix with your favorite spirits for a cocktail with an exotic kick.
  • Smoothies: Add a hint of finely grated galangal to tropical fruit smoothies for an unexpected zing.


  • Sorbets: Incorporate galangal juice or a light syrup into your sorbet base for a slightly sweet, tangy flavor.
  • Cakes and Pastries: Infuse cream or syrup with galangal to add into your cake batters or pastry creams.

Innovative Galangal Combinations

Incorporating galangal into your cooking can transform simple recipes into aromatic and flavorful dishes.

Explore its use in marinades, salad dressings, and curry pastes for a true taste of Thai and Southeast Asian cuisine.

Galangal in Marinades

To infuse meats such as beef with a bold and distinctive flavor, create a galangal marinade.

Combine minced galangal or galangal paste with ingredients like soy sauce, garlic, and lime juice.

Marinate your beef for at least 30 minutes, or overnight in the refrigerator for deeper flavor penetration.

  • Galangal Marinade Example:
    • Minced galangal: 1 tablespoon
    • Soy sauce: 1/4 cup
    • Minced garlic: 2 cloves
    • Lime juice: 2 tablespoons
    • Marinade tip: For an extra kick, add a teaspoon of ground turmeric.

Galangal in Salad Dressings

Elevate your salad dressings by adding finely minced galangal.

Its warm, citrusy notes pair well with lemon juice or vinegar bases.

A simple dressing could include olive oil, galangal, honey, and a pinch of salt.

  • Simple Galangal Dressing:
    • Olive oil: 1/2 cup
    • Finely minced galangal: 1 teaspoon
    • Honey: 1 tablespoon
    • Lemon juice: 3 tablespoons
    • Salt: to taste
    • Dressing tip: Whisk together or blend for a smooth consistency.

Using Galangal in Curry Pastes

Curry pastes are foundational in Thai cooking, and ground galangal powder or paste is essential in achieving an authentic flavor.

For a basic curry paste, blend galangal with chilies, lemongrass, garlic, and shallots.

This can be used as a base for various Thai curries, with the option to add other spices and herbs as desired.

  • Basic Curry Paste Mixture:
    • Galangal powder: 2 teaspoons
    • Chopped chilies: 4
    • Minced lemongrass: 2 tablespoons
    • Minced garlic: 4 cloves
    • Chopped shallots: 1/4 cup
    • Curry paste tip: Store excess paste in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to a week.

Cooking Techniques for Galangal

Galangal imparts a spicy and earthy flavor profile to your dishes, whether you use it fresh, dried, or in paste form.

Understanding how to work with the different forms of galangal will ensure you get the best results in your cooking.

Using Fresh vs. Dried Galangal

Fresh Galangal:

  • Preparation: Rinse under cold water and peel before use.
  • Usage: Thinly slice or mince for maximum flavor extraction.
  • Note: Fresh galangal is fibrous, so it should be finely chopped if meant to be consumed.

Dried Galangal:

  • Preparation: Store in a cool, dark place. Rehydrate by soaking in water before use if needed.
  • Usage: Best used in longer cooking processes such as soups or curries.
  • Note: Dried galangal has a more concentrated flavor than fresh.

Making Galangal Paste

  • Ingredients: Combine chopped fresh galangal with a touch of water and other spices like pepper as needed.
  • Method: Use a mortar and pestle or a food processor to blend until it forms a smooth paste.
  • Usage: Galangal paste works well as a savory flavor base for curries, marinades, and dressings.

Cooking with Galangal Powder

  • Preparation: Ground galangal is readily available as a powder and should be kept sealed in an airtight container.
  • Usage: Use moderately as the powder is concentrated. It’s perfect for dry rubs, spice blends, or to add a quick burst of flavor to a dish.
  • Note: Always start with a small amount and adjust to taste due to its potent earthy and spicy characteristics.

Frequently Asked Questions

Galangal being sliced and added to a steaming pot of soup

Galangal is a versatile root that can be prepared and used in various ways depending on the dish. Below, you’ll find specific answers to common questions about using galangal in your culinary adventures.

What are the best culinary applications for galangal?

Galangal excels in Asian cuisine, imparting a warm, earthy, and slightly citrusy flavor.

It shines in curries, soups, and stir-fries, often in concert with other herbs and spices.

How should galangal be prepared before adding it to a dish?

Before using galangal, it should be washed thoroughly.

The skin is typically peeled off, and the galangal can be sliced, minced, or crushed depending on the recipe requirements.

Can dried galangal be used in place of fresh galangal, and if so, how?

Dried galangal can substitute for fresh, with a rehydration step required for most dishes.

It is best to soak dried galangal in hot water until it softens, and then use it as you would fresh galangal.

What is the difference in use between galangal and ginger in recipes?

Ginger, while related to galangal, is less potent with a milder, slightly sweet taste.

Galangal carries a stronger, more aromatic flavor that is more pine-like and sharp, which is why it cannot always be substituted with ginger in recipes.

In which kinds of dishes does galangal work best?

Galangal is a staple in Southeast Asian dishes such as Thai curries, Vietnamese pho, and Indonesian sambal.

Its robust flavor complements hearty meat stews, seafood dishes, and vegetarian recipes.

What should one know about the edible parts of galangal?

The main edible part of galangal is the rhizome, which can be quite dense and fibrous.

When adding it to dishes, it is often ground into a paste or thinly sliced so it integrates well into the dish.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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