Burger Grill Time Chart: How to Grill Burgers

Grilling the perfect burger can be an art form, taking into account factors such as heat, cooking time, and personal taste preferences. Whether you’re a seasoned grill master or just starting to flex your grilling muscles, following a burger grill time chart can be the key to cooking up juicy, flavorful patties every time. With a little guidance and experimentation, you’ll be one step closer to mastering this culinary masterpiece.

Burger Grill Time Chart: How to Grill Burgers aims to provide essential tips and insights into the cooking techniques that will result in mouthwatering and crowd-pleasing hamburgers. This includes uncovering the importance of temperature controls, optimal cooking times, and even how to properly dress your burger for maximum flavor. By following these instructions, you’ll be well on your way to achieving the best grilled burgers and satisfying your hungry guests.

As you delve into the world of grilling burgers, you’ll discover the methods and tricks that will help you become an expert at wielding the spatula. From selecting the right type of meat to preparing it with the perfect seasoning, every step in the process plays a crucial role in creating a delicious final product. So, fire up the grill and get ready to create some unforgettable dining experiences with the help of Burger Grill Time Chart: How to Grill Burgers.

Burger Grill Time Chart: How To Grill Burgers

Types of Burgers

Beef Burgers

Beef burgers are the most popular choice when it comes to grilling. They’re typically made with ground beef that has a fat content of around 15-20%. This ensures a juicy burger with a delicious seared exterior. Some variations include sirloin, chuck, or a blend of different cuts for added flavor. To grill, form patties with a slightly indented center and cook over medium-high heat for 3-5 minutes per side or until the desired level of doneness is reached.

Chicken Burgers

Chicken burgers are a leaner alternative to beef burgers, offering a different taste and texture. They are typically made with ground chicken breast, although you can also use ground chicken thigh for a juicier patty. Grilling chicken burgers requires a bit more attention to avoid overcooking and drying out. Cook over medium heat for 4-6 minutes per side or until its internal temperature reaches 165°F.

Turkey Burgers

Turkey burgers offer another lean option for burger enthusiasts. They can be made with ground turkey breast or a mixture of breast and thigh meat. Due to the lower fat content, it’s important to avoid overcooking. Cooking over medium heat for 4-6 minutes per side should yield a perfectly cooked and juicy turkey burger. Alternatively, you can also add moisture with ingredients like onions, zucchini, or applesauce.

Bison Burgers

Bison burgers are a great option for those looking for a leaner, yet flavorful alternative to beef. Bison meat is lower in fat and has a slightly gamey flavor. Grilling bison burgers requires a gentle touch to prevent overcooking. Keeping the grill at medium heat and cooking for 3-5 minutes per side or until the internal temperature reaches 160°F will ensure a tender and juicy patty.

Veggie Burgers

Veggie burgers come in a variety of styles and flavors, made from ingredients such as soy, black beans, lentils, or vegetables. Grilling veggie burgers can be tricky as they can be delicate and may require extra care. Using a well-oiled grill or grilling pan and cooking over medium heat for 4-6 minutes per side should result in a well-cooked veggie burger.

Always remember to adjust cooking times for individual preferences and grill performance.

Delicious burgers with beef, tomato, cheese and lettuce

Burger Preparation


To prepare your burger patties, start by combining your choice of ground meat with seasonings. In general, 1 teaspoon of salt, 1/2 teaspoon of pepper, and 1/2 teaspoon of onion powder will be enough for every pound of meat. For a more complex flavor, you may consider adding other seasonings such as Worcestershire sauce or ketchup. Here is a simple seasoning recipe to consider:

  • 1 pound ground beef
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon onion powder
  • Optional: Worcestershire sauce or ketchup

Patty Thickness

To form the patties, take a portion of the seasoned meat and shape it into a ball. Press the ball down into a flat, round patty. Aim for a patty that is around 1 inch thick. Patties that are too thin may dry out quickly, while overly thick patties may not cook evenly. According to the USDA, the safe internal temperature for ground beef is 160°F (71°C).

You can also adjust the fat content of your burger patties. A higher fat content will result in a juicier burger, while a lower fat content is leaner and healthier.

Adding Cheese

If you prefer a cheeseburger, add a slice of your favorite cheese after flipping the patties, allowing it to melt as the burger finishes cooking. Some popular cheese options include cheddar, Swiss, pepper jack, or blue cheese. Cheese can also be stuffed into the center of the patty before grilling for a surprise burst of flavor.

In summary, the successful preparation of a great burger patty involves proper seasoning, patty thickness, and optional cheese addition. Keep these tips in mind as you grill your burgers to ensure a delicious and satisfying meal.

How to Grill Burgers

Grill Types

There are two main types of grills you can use for grilling burgers: charcoal and gas grills. Charcoal grills offer a distinct, smoky flavor to your burgers, while gas grills provide a more consistent heat, making it easier to control the cooking process.

  • Charcoal Grill: Provides a smoky flavor and requires charcoal briquettes as fuel.
  • Gas Grill: Offers consistency in heat and uses propane or natural gas as fuel.

Grill Temperatures

Burger grilling temperatures depend on your desired level of doneness. The USDA recommends a minimum internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) for beef burgers to ensure food safety. Here’s a quick temperature guide for different levels of doneness:

Level of DonenessInternal Temperature
Rare120°F – 125°F (49°C – 52°C)
Medium-Rare130°F – 135°F (55°C – 57°C)
Medium140°F – 145°F (60°C – 63°C)
Medium-Well150°F – 155°F (66°C – 68°C)
Well-Done160°F – 165°F (71°C – 74°C)

Grilling Process

Follow these steps for grilling delicious burgers on either charcoal or gas grills:

  1. Preparation: Preheat the grill to a high temperature. Clean the grill grates with a brush to remove any residue.
  2. Shaping Patties: Shape your burger patties to a thickness of about ¾-inch (1.9 cm). Create a small indentation in the center to help the patty maintain its shape during cooking.
  3. Seasoning: Season the patty with salt and pepper or any other seasoning of your choice.
  4. Grilling: Place the patties on the grill, making sure to give them space for proper cooking. For beef burgers, use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature and determine the cooking time:
    • Rare: 4-5 minutes per side
    • Medium-Rare: 5-6 minutes per side
    • Medium: 6-7 minutes per side
    • Medium-Well: 7-8 minutes per side
    • Well-Done: 8-9 minutes per side
    For veggie burgers, the total time might be slightly shorter, so keep an eye on their appearance and firmness.
  5. Toasting Buns: During the last minute of cooking, place the hamburger buns on the grill until they are lightly toasted.

Once everything is cooked to your desired level, assemble your burgers with desired toppings and enjoy your delicious grilled burgers.

Doneness and Internal Temperature

When grilling burgers, it’s essential to monitor their internal temperature to ensure the desired doneness. Using a meat thermometer, you can measure the temperature at the center of the burger. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) recommends specific internal temperatures for various levels of doneness. In this section, we will discuss the internal temperatures for rare, medium-rare, medium, medium-well, and well-done burgers.

Rare Burgers

A rare burger is cooked on the outside while still being mostly red and cool in the center. The ideal internal temperature for a rare burger is 120-125°F (49-52°C). Remember that the USDA does not recommend consuming ground meat products at this level of doneness due to potential food safety concerns.

Medium-Rare Burgers

Medium-rare burgers are cooked slightly more than rare ones, with a warm pink center. The internal temperature should be around 130-135°F (54-57°C). A medium-rare burger has a juicy, tender texture that many people enjoy.

Medium Burgers

A medium burger is cooked further than medium-rare, with a pink center and an internal temperature ranging from 140-145°F (60-63°C). This level of doneness balances taste and texture preferences while still adhering to USDA recommendations for safe consumption.

Medium-Well Burgers

Medium-well burgers are cooked until there is only a hint of pink in the center, with an internal temperature of 150-155°F (66-68°C). This level of doneness is preferred by those who seek a slightly firm texture in their burgers while maintaining some juiciness.

Well-Done Burgers

Lastly, a well-done burger has no pink in the center and is cooked until an internal temperature of 160°F (71°C) or higher, as recommended by the USDA for safe consumption. While this level of doneness may result in a firmer texture, it significantly reduces the potential risks associated with undercooked ground beef.

Adding Toppings and Serving


When preparing your fresh beef burgers, consider adding various condiments to enhance their flavor. Some popular options include:

  • Ketchup
  • Mustard
  • Mayonnaise
  • Barbecue sauce

Experiment with different combinations and feel free to get creative.


Adding vegetables to your grilled burgers not only adds flavor but also nutrients. Some classic toppings include:

  • Lettuce
  • Tomato slices
  • Pickles
  • Red onion

For added texture, you could also try grilling some of the vegetables, such as bell peppers or mushrooms, before placing them on the burgers.


Adding cheese can alter the taste of your burgers dramatically. Some popular options are:

CheeseFlavor Profile
CheddarSharp, slightly tangy
SwissMild, nutty, and melts nicely

When grilling burgers, it’s essential to monitor the grilling times carefully. Here’s a handy guide:

Burger DonenessGrilling Time per Side
Rare2-3 minutes
Medium Rare3-4 minutes
Medium4-5 minutes
Well Done6-7 minutes

Always follow the recommended grilling times to achieve your desired level of doneness.

To boost the flavor of your burger patties, season them with kosher salt and ensure that they have well-formed grill marks. Although this article focuses on beef burgers, you can also apply similar principles to chicken meat as well. Experiment with various combinations of toppings, seasonings, and grilling methods to create the perfect burger tailored to your preferences.

Safety and Recommendations

When planning your cookouts, make sure to prioritize safety and follow appropriate guidelines for grilling burgers. Keep in mind that different meats have varying cooking times and temperatures, and the ideal grilling time for a burger will depend on its size and components.

It is important to select the right type of meat for your burgers. Consider the fat content of the meat, as higher fat content will cause more flare-ups and may require additional cooking time to achieve a proper internal temperature. If you prefer a healthier alternative, consider using a meat substitute or adding quinoa to your burger mixture for added nutritional benefits.

For even cooking, ensure that your burgers have a consistent diameter throughout. It is also recommended to create a small dimple in the center of the patty to prevent it from puffing up during the grilling process. This technique will allow the burger to cook more evenly and reach the desired internal temperature.

An instant-read thermometer is an essential tool for checking the doneness of your burgers. Insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the patty to get an accurate reading. Here are some general guidelines for cooking times based on your preferred level of doneness:

Level of DonenessInternal TemperatureApproximate Cooking Time per Side
Rare120-125°F (49-52°C)2-3 minutes
Medium Rare130-135°F (54-57°C)3-4 minutes
Medium140-145°F (60-63°C)4-5 minutes
Medium Well150-155°F (66-68°C)5-6 minutes
Well Done160-165°F (71-74°C)6-7 minutes

Remember that these are general guidelines and that actual cooking times may vary depending on the thickness of your burger and your specific grill. To ensure food safety, ground beef should be cooked to a minimum internal temperature of 160°F (71°C).

By following these safety tips and recommendations, you can confidently grill delicious and perfectly cooked burgers for your next cookout.

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Cassie brings decades of experience to the Kitchen Community. She is a noted chef and avid gardener. Her new book "Healthy Eating Through the Garden" will be released shortly. When not writing or speaking about food and gardens Cassie can be found puttering around farmer's markets and greenhouses looking for the next great idea.
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